Mechanical ventilation and weaning is one of the most common procedures carried out in critically ill patients. Appropriate management of these patients is of paramount importance to improve the outcome in terms of both morbidity and mortality. This book offers the physiological and clinical basis required to improve the care delivered to patients undergoing mechanical ventilation.
Table of Contents
- From the contents: Mechanical ventilation (MV) in acute respiratory failure.
- Controlled MV.
- Proportional assist ventilation (PAV).
- Influence of ventilator performance on assisted modes of ventilation.
- Application of tracheal gas insufflation in critical care patients.
- Critical illness polyneuropathy and critical illness myopathy.
- Factors associated with mortality in mechanically ventilated patients.
- Pathophysiology of weaning-associated respiratory failure.
- Rapid shallow breathing: causes and consequences.
- Cardiopulmonary interactions and gas exchange during weaning from MV.
- Weaning-induced cardiac failure.
- Physiopathological determinants of patient-ventilator interaction and dyssynchrony during weaning.
- Weaning criteria: physiologic indexes in different groups of patients.
- Timing and criteria for beginning weaning.
- The importance of clinical algorithms to facilitate weaning and extubation.
- The role of muscle training and rehabilitation during weaning.