Section I - Phylogenesis and ontogenesis
1. Comparative anatomy of the axial skeleton of vertebrates
2. Embryology of the spine
3. The growing spine
4. Growth cartilages of the spine and pelvic vertebra
5. Morphological and functional evolution of the aging spine
Section II - Postural Anatomy
6. Standing up. Its principles. Pelvic spinal relationships
7. The hip extension reserve and its relation to the spine
8. The EOS system: interest in the overall assessment of the balance of the spine but also its movements and balance
Section III - Descriptive Anatomy
9. The cranial vertebra
10. Surgical anatomy of the vertebral pedicle
11. Anatomy of the sacrum: new concepts
12. The pelvic vertebra, the cephalic vertebra, and the concept of the chain Of balance
13. Are the "cranial and pelvic vertebrae" true vertebrae?
14. The intervertebral disk
15. Anatomy of thoracolumbar posterior joints
16. The spinal ligaments
17. Sacro-iliac joints
18. The normal and pathological spinal muscle
19. Configuration of posterior lumbar muscles. Application for Study Of lumbosacral malformations
20. Muscles and fascia
21. Functional anatomy of the erector of the spine: a review
22. The conjunctive structures of the posterior surface of the trunk
23. The spinal canals
24. The spinal cord
25. Spinal nerves (spinal innervation)
26. Anatomy of spinal meninges
27. Intrinsic innervation of the vertebral column
28. Vascularization of the spine and cord Functional anatomy
Section IV - Functional anatomy
29. Systemic approach to the functioning of the Thoracolumbar spine
30. Kinematics of the spine
31. Spinal balance
32. Biomechanics and modeling of the spine
33. Anatomy is a living language
This richly illustrated and comprehensive book covers a broad range of normal and pathologic conditions of the vertebral column, from its embryology to its development, its pathology, its dynamism and its degeneration. The dynamic anatomy of the living subject is viewed using the latest technologies, opening new perspectives to elucidate the pathology of the spine and improve spinal surgery. The respective chapters review in depth all sections of the vertebral column and offer new insights, e.g. the 3D study of vertebral movements using the “EOS system,” which makes it possible to define an equilibrium of posture and its limits. New histological and chemical findings on the intervertebral disc, as well as detailed descriptions of the aponeuroses and fasciae, are also provided.
Bringing together the experience of several experts from the well-known French school, this book offers a valuable companion for skilled experts and postgraduate students in various fields: orthopedic surgery, neurosurgery, physiotherapy, rheumatology, musculoskeletal therapy, rehabilitation, and kinesiology.
Since 1989, Jean Marc Vital has been an Intern and University Professor of orthopedic and traumatology surgery at the University of Medicine of Bordeaux, as well as Head of the Department of Spinal Diseases and Director of the Anatomy Laboratory at the Paul Broca faculty. Upon completing his residency in Bordeaux in 1980, he received the Gold Medal Award of Surgery. Moreover, he earned an MD in human biology in the field of anatomy. In 1981 he was appointed Instructor of Anatomy and Organogenesis as well as Intern in Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology. In the same year, he became Senior Registrar of the Department run by Prof. Jacques Senegas. He also earned the national specialized Diploma in Sports Medicine (CES). As a spine surgeon, Dr. Vital has a special interest in spinal deformities (with particular emphasis on sagittal balance) and in cervical spine surgery (cervical prostheses and myelopathy). He has been a member of several outstanding societies such as the French Medical College of Anatomy since 1989, and the European Cervical Spine Research Society since 2003. He also serves on the editorial boards of the European Spine Journal, The Spine, and The French Journal of Orthopedic and Traumatology Surgery.
Dr. Derek T. Cawley is a Spinal Fellow at Bordeaux University Hospital. Having completed his training as an orthopedic surgeon in the Republic of Ireland, he is the author of several publications on orthopedic and spinal research topics. He has received numerous international awards as an orthopedic trainee including an RCSI/Ethicon bursary, BOA/Zimmer Biomet travelling fellowship, SOFCOT/ARMO foreign graduate award and the Mark Paterson/EFORT travelling fellowship.