Carotenoids are the most widespread pigments in nature. One or more carotenoids in combination give rise to colours ranging from yellow to red in birds, fishes, crustaceans, micro-organisms, fruits and plants, including the dark green ones. There are over 600 known carotenoids and they are divided into two classes: xanthophylls, which contain oxygen, and carotenes, which are purely hydrocarbons and contain no oxygen. Carotenoids have many health benefits including antioxidant properties, free-radical scavengers, decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, anti-inflammatory properties, osteoporosis prevention and other diseases. The 15 chapters in this book have been written to outline recent topical research.
Table of Contents
Preface; Carotenoids as Bioactive Compounds; Food Sources: Production & Health Benefits of Carotenoids; Carotenoids with ?-End Group; Development of a Method to Induce ROS Resistant High-Yielding Mutant Lines of Sugar Cane, Saccharum officinarum cv NiF8 & NiTn18; Molecular Base for Carotenoids Antioxidant Activity in Model & Biological Systems: The Health-Related Effects; Carotenoids in Herbal Medicines; Microalgae: A Valuable Source of Natural Carotenoids with Potential Health Benefits; Sodium Taurocholate Optimum Amount of Blood Parrots on; Astaxanthin Availability; Carotenoid-Based Ornaments as Signals of Health Status in Birds: Evidences from Two Galliform Species, the Red-Legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa) & the Red Grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus); Dietary Carotenoid Pigments & Human Health Benefits; Health Benefits of Carotenoids for Human Skin; Nanoparticles of Chitin Nanofibril-Hyaluronan Block Polymer Entrapping Lutein as UVA Protective Compound; Bixin & Norbixin: Chemistry, Production & Health Benefits; Biology of Carotenoids & their Potential Cardiovascular Health Benefits; Effects of Carotenoids on Mammalian DNA Polymerase Inhibition & Anti-Inflammatory Activity; Dietary ß-Cryptoxanthin Stimulates Osteogenesis: Role in Prevention & Treatment of Osteoporosis; Index.