2. Philosophical Orientation - Significant Difference
3. Philosophical Orientation - Significant Sameness
4. The Importance of Replication Research - Significant Sameness
5. The Importance of Replication Research - Significant Difference
6. Conception of Generalization/External Validity
7. Contrasts Over Statistical Issues
8. Whither the Academy?
Addressing the immensely important topic of research credibility, Raymond Hubbard’s groundbreaking work proposes that we must treat such information with a healthy dose of skepticism. This book argues that the dominant model of knowledge procurement subscribed to in these areas—the significant difference paradigm—is philosophically suspect, methodologically impaired, and statistically broken. Hubbard introduces a more accurate, alternative framework—the significant sameness paradigm—for developing scientific knowledge. The majority of the book comprises a head-to-head comparison of the “significant difference” versus “significant sameness” conceptions of science across philosophical, methodological, and statistical perspectives.