Introduction. HIV and Nutrition: Micronutrients. Vitamin A. B-complex. Antioxidants - Vitamins C and E. Vitamin D. Selenium. Iron and Anemia. Zinc. HIV and Nutrition: Macronutrients. Hunger/Food security. Macronutrients. HIV/AIDS and Nutrition: Maternal and Child Health. Micronutrients and HIV/AIDS in Pregnancy. Infant Feeding in the Context of HIV. Pediatric HIV: Assessment, Screening, Support. HIV and Nutrition: Public Health Practice. Co-infections - Tuberculosis and Malaria. Nutrition and HIV in the Era of HAART. Case Studies from In-Country Perspective: Senegal. Case Studies from In-Country Perspective: Zambia. Case Studies from In-Country Perspective: India. Case Studies from In-Country Perspective: Tanzania.
Nutritional management is integral to comprehensive HIV care and treatment. Improved nutritional status and weight gain can increase recovery and strength of individuals living with HIV/AIDS, improve dietary diversity and caloric intake, and improve quality of life. This book provides a comprehensive update on the role of nutrition in HIV through a review of biological mechanisms and published epidemiological studies, including intervention trials and programs that have integrated nutrition in the care and treatment of HIV-infected individuals.
- Details the role of nutrition in HIV and how this information can be applied for helping HIV-infected individuals
- Reviews biological mechanisms that may explain links between nutrition and HIV disease
- Explains how nutritional supplementation may be efficacious to reduce morbidity in HIV-infected patients and decrease vertical transmission
- Devotes an entire section to maternal and child health in the context of HIV
- Includes case study results from country-level and regional programs that have integrated nutritional assessment and care in treatment of HIV-infected individuals
Saurabh Mehta, Sc.D., is an Assistant Professor of Global Health, Epidemiology and Nutrition, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Julia L. Finkelstein, Sc.D., is a Research Scientist in the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.