Many clinicians today are unaware of the implications of psychotherapy research for their practice. Research that can readily be applied is not always easily found in original empirical papers. And while they know where to find details on methods and statistical procedures, today's clinicians may not grasp the larger picture of psychotherapy research from the past 50 years. Bringing Psychotherapy Research To Life attempts to bridge these gaps by highlighting the work of 28 distinguished psychotherapy researchers, showing how their research programs changed the way we think about and practice psychotherapy. While honoring founders and influential members of the Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR), the book illustrates how research has extended such questions as:
- What types of patients benefit from therapy?
- How can relationship problems best be handled?
- Under which circumstances can emotions be deepened?
- How does the therapist foster insight?
- How does the therapist facilitate behavioral change?
This book presents scientifically rich and clinically relevant messages embedded in meaningful stories. By contextualizing the work of luminaries in psychotherapy research, it will appeal to students and practitioners alike, including those who want to survey the field as well as those who are looking to its foundations as a resource for fresh research questions. For readers who are primarily associated with a cognitive-behavioral approach, the book will also provide an overview of the constructs investigated and empirical methods used by researchers in the humanistic and psychodynamic traditions.
Table of Contents
1.A Brief Introduction to Psychotherapy Research
—J. Christopher Muran, Louis G. Castonguay, and Berhnard Strauss
I. Establishing the Foundation for the Scientific Study of Psychotherapy
2.Carl Rogers: Idealistic Pragmatist and Psychotherapy Research Pioneer
—Robert Elliott and Barry Farber
3.Jerome Frank: Psychotherapy Researcher and Humanitarian
—Bruce E. Wampold and Joel Weinberger
4.Lester Luborsky: A Trailblazer in Empirical Research on Psychoanalytic Therapy
—Paul Crits-Christoph, Jacques P. Baber, Brin F. S. Grynier, and Louis Diguer
5.Hans Strupp: A Founder's Contributions to a Scientific Basis for Psychotherapy Practice
—Karla Moras, Timothy Anderson, and William Piper
6.Aaron Beck: The Cognitive Revolution in Theory and Therapy
—Steven D. Hollon
II. Does Psychotherapy Work?
7.Irene Elkin: "The Data Are Always Friendly"
—Karla Moras and M. Tracie Shea
8.Ken Howard: The Best Friend That Psychotherapy Research Ever Had.
—David E. Orlinsky, Merton S. Krause, Fred L. Newman, Robert J. Lueger, and Wolfgang Lutz
9.Allen Bergin: Consummate Scholar and Charter Member of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
—Michael J. Lambert, Alan S. Gurman, and P. Scott Richards
10.Klaus Grawe: On a Constant Quest for a Truly Integrative and Research-Based Psychotherapy
—Franz Caspar and Martin Grosse Holtforth
III. How Does Psychotherapy Work?
A. Therapist Contributions
11.Marvin Goldfried: Pioneering Spirit and Integrative Force
—Louis G. Castonguay and John Norcross
12.Michael J. Lambert: Building Confidence in Psychotherapy
—Ben Ogles and Jeffrey A. Hayes
13.Clara Hill: A Rebel With Several Causes
B. Client Contributions
14.Eugene Gendlin: Experiential Philosophy and Psychotherapy
—David L. Rennie, Arthur C. Bohart, and Alberta E. Pos
15.Laura Rice: Natural Observer of Psychotherapy Process
—Jeanne C. Watson and Hadas Wiseman
16.Leslie Greenberg: Emotional Change Leads to Positive Outcome
—Rhonda Goldman, Lynne Angus, and Jeremy D. Safran
C. Relationship Variables
17.Edward Bordin: Innovative Thinker, Influential Investigator, and Inspiring
—Michael J. Constantino, Nicholas Ladany, and Thomas D. Borkovec
18.Donald Kiesler: Interpersonal Manifesto
—Christopher C. Wagner and Jeremy D. Safran
19.Lorna Benjamin: Love, Loyalty, and Learning in Close Attachment Relationships
—Kenneth L. Critchfield
D. Integration of Multiple Variables
20.David Orlinsky: Developing Psychotherapy Research, Researching Psychotherapist
—Micheal Helge Ronnestad, Ulrike Willutzki, and Margarita Tarragona
21.Horst Kächele: Bringing Research, Practice and People Together
22.Enrico Jones: Appreciating Complexity
—Tai Katzenstein, Peter Fonagy, and J. Stuart Ablon
23.David Shapiro: Psychotherapeutic Investigations
—Michael Barkham, Glenys Parry, and Gillian E. Hardy
24.Robert Elliott: Commitment to Experience
25.William Stiles: Empathic Reflections, Voices, and Theory-Building
—Meredith Glick Brinegar and Katerine Osatuke
IV. What Works For and By Whom?
26.Sol Garfield: A Pioneer in Bringing Science to Clinical Psychology
—Larry E. Beutler and Anne D. Simons
27.Larry Beutler: A Matter of Principles
—Paulo P. P. Machado, Hector Fernadez Alvares, and John F. Clarkin
28.Sidney Blatt: Relatedness, Self-Definition, and Mental Representation
—John S. Auerbach, Kenneth N. Levy, and Carrie E. Schaffer
29.William Piper: Negotiating the Complexities of Psychotherapy
—John S. Ogrodniczuk
30.Future Directions: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges in Psychotherapy
—Lynne Angus, Jeffrey A. Hayes, Timothy Anderson, Nicholas Ladany, Louis G. Castonguay, and J. Christopher Muran
- Louis G. Castonguay, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at Penn State University. His work focuses on the process, outcome, and training of psychotherapy, as well as on the development of practice-research networks. He co-edited three books: On Psychotherapy Integration (with Conrad Lecomte), Principles of Therapeutic Change (with Larry Beutler), and Insight in Psychotherapy (with Clara Hill).
- J. Christopher Muran, PhD, is Associate Dean and Professor, Derner Institute, Adelphi University; Director, Brief Psychotherapy Research Program, Beth Israel Medical Center; his research has concentrated on alliance ruptures and resolution processes and resulted several book collaborations, such as Negotiating the Therapeutic Alliance, Self-Relations in the Psychotherapy Process, Dialogues on Difference, and Therapeutic Alliance.
- Lynne Angus, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at York University in Toronto, Canada. She is the senior editor of the Handbook of Narrative and Psychotherapy (with John McLeod). Her research focuses on the investigation of narrative and emotion processes in psychotherapy and she has developed the Narrative Processes Coding System (with Heidi Levitt & Karen Hardtke) for application in differing treatment approaches.
- Jeffrey A. Hayes, PhD, is Professor of Counseling Psychology at Penn State University. His scholarship focuses on the psychotherapy relationship, with an emphasis on therapist factors, and the integration of spirituality and psychology. He has co-authored two books with Charles Gelso, The Psychotherapy Relationship and Countertransference and the Therapists' Inner Experience: Perils and Possibilities.
- Nicholas Ladany, PhD, is Professor of Counseling Psychology at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He is the author of three books on supervision and training: Critical Events in Psychotherapy Supervision: An Interpersonal Approach and Counselor Supervision: Principles, Process, and Practice and Practicing Counseling and Psychotherapy: Insights from Trainees, Clients, and Supervisors.
- Timothy Anderson, PhD, is an associate professor of psychology at Ohio University. His current research is on the identification of common therapist factors that predict therapy processes and outcome. He is recipient of the Distinguished Early Career Award from the International Society for Psychotherapy Research in 2004.