Reproductive Epidemiology explores the range of methodologies used to collect data and conduct analysis on the distribution and determinants of reproductive-related health states or events in human populations.
This unique book explores real-world reproductive health problems and provides readers with a guide on the use of methods appropriate for challenging and sensitive research topics, which include: sexual behavior, abortion, illicit drug use, and sexual abuse. Readers will come away with a clear understanding of the practical applications of epidemiology in the promotion of complete physical, mental, social, spiritual, emotional, and environmental health as they relate to the reproductive health system and its functions and processes.
- Written for the students with minimal training in the biomedical sciences and statistics.
- Emphasis is placed on the application of the basic principles of epidemiology according to person, place, and time in order to solve current reproductive health problems.
- Guidance is provided on how to identify and describe reproductive health problems, formulate research hypotheses, select appropriate research study designs, manage and analyze epidemiologic data, interpret study results, and apply the results to preventing and controlling reproductive health problems.
Table of Contents
Section One Foundations and Methods in Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter One Foundations of Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter Two Environments in Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter Three Research Process in Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter Four Surveillance in Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter Five Descriptive Reproductive Health Indicators
Chapter Six Study Designs in Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter Seven Causal Inference in Reproductive Epidemiology
Section Two Applications of Reproductive Epidemiology
Chapter Eigth Nutrition and Reproductive Health
Chapter Nine Contraception and Reproductive Health
Chapter Ten Mercury, Lead, Environmental Estrogens, and Reproductive Health
Chapter Eleven Psychosocial Factors and Reproductive Health
Chapter Twelve Early Childbearing: Trends and Consequences
Chapter Thirteen Cancer Risk Associated With Early and Late Maternal Age at First Birth
Appendix I Classification of Selected Measures of Association and Statistical Tests According to Variable Type
Appendix Ia Outcome Data: Nominal With Two Categories (Dichotomous)
Appendix Ib Outcome Data: Nominal With More Than Two Categories (Multichotomous)
Appendix Ic Outcome Data: Continuous, Not Normally Distributed, or Ordinal With More Than Two Categories
Appendix Id Outcome Data: Continuous, Normally Distributed
Appendix II Selected Reproductive Health Indicators
Appendix III Maternal Health Consequences of Early Age at First Birth
Appendix IIIa Maternal Physical Health Consequences of Early Age at First Birth
Appendix IIIb Maternal Mental Health Consequences of Early Age at First Birth
Appendix IIIc Social Health Consequences of Early Age at First Birth
Appendix IV Summary of Papers Examining the Potential Relation Between Early and Late Age at First Birth (AFB) and Cancer Risk
Appendix V Answers to Chapter Questions
About the Author(s)
Ray M. Merrill, PhD, MPH - Brigham Young University, Utah
Ray M. Merrill, Ph.D., M.P.H. has been actively involved in epidemiology since his professional career began in 1995. As a Cancer Prevention Fellow at the National Cancer Institute, he worked with leading researchers in the area of cancer epidemiology. In 1998 he joined the faculty in the Department of Health Science at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, where he continued his research in epidemiology. Since 1999 he has also held an adjunct faculty position in the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of Utah. In 2001, he spent a sabbatical working in the Unit of Epidemiology for Cancer Prevention at the International Agency for Research on Cancer Administration, Lyon, France. He has won various awards for his research in cancer epidemiology.
Dr. Merrill currently teaches introductory and advanced level classes in epidemiology and biostatistics. He has over 100 professional publications in epidemiology and public health journals. He is currently a full professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at Brigham Young University.