The interaction between philosophy and clinical psychopathology in the form of the 'phenomenological movement' was one of the most significant events to occur in mental health over the course of the last century. As the gulf between 'analytical' and 'continential' philosophy reduces, and as clinical psychiatry looks beyond DSM-IV and ICD-10, there is renewed enthusiasm for phenomenological thinking. This unique book brings together and interprets previously hard to find texts, new translations and passages detailing the interplay between philosophy and psychopathology, making them accessible to a new generation of mental health researchers, practitioners and policy makers. The content charts both the influence of key philosophers on ways of thinking and describes the impact and influence of phenomenological approaches to clinical work and understanding in a variety of mental disorders.
Prologue; How to read this book; Acknowledgements; Part I. Intellectual Background: 1. Introduction; Section 1. Influences on Phenomenology: 2. Franz Brentano (1838–1917): Brentano, F. (1887), 'The Concept of a Descriptive Psychology'; Brentano, F. (1874), 'The Distinction between Mental and Physical Phenomena'; 3. Wilhelm Dilthey (1833–1911): Dilthey, W. (1894), 'Ideas about a Descriptive and Analytical Psychology'; 4. Max Weber (1864–1920): Weber, M. (1949), 'Objectivity' in Social Science and Social Policy'; 5. Henri Bergson (1859–1941): Bergson, H. (1910), Selections from 'Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness'; Section 2. Phenomenological Philosophy: 6. Edmund Husserl (1859–1938): Husserl, E. (1919), 'Ideas 1'; Husserl, E. (1948), Selections from 'Experience and Judgment'; 7. Max Scheler (1874–1928): Scheler, M. (1913–14) 'Phenomenology and the Theory of Cognition'; Scheler, M. (1928), Selections from 'Man's Place in Nature'; Scheler, M. (1913–16), 'Feeling and Feeling States'; Scheler, M. (1922), Selections from 'The Nature of Sympathy'; Scheler, M. (1914), 'On the Idea of Man'; Scheler, M. (1928), Selections from 'The Human Place in the Cosmos'; 8. Martin Heidegger (1889–1976): Heidegger, M. (1919), 'The Idea of Philosophy and the Problem of Worldview,' War Emergency Semester; Heidegger, M. (1994), Selections from 'Introduction to Phenomenological Research'; Heidegger, M. (1927), 'The Worldhood of the World'; Heidegger, M. (1927), 'Fear as a Mode of State-of-Mind'; Part II. The Phenomenological Approach in Psychiatry: 9. Introduction; 10. Jaspers' approach 1: static understanding – 'phenomenology': Jaspers, K. (1912), 'The Phenomenological Approach in Psychopathology'; 11. Jaspers' approach 2: genetic understanding – 'Verstehen': Jaspers, K. (1959), 'Meaningful psychic connections'; 12. Minkowski's structural approach: Minkowski, E. (1933), 'The Notion of a Generating Disorder and the Structural Analysis of Mental Disorders'; 13. Binswanger's existential approach: Binswanger, L. (1946), 'The Existential Analysis School of Thought'; Part III. Phenomenologies of Mental Disorder: 14. Introduction; 15. Brain injury: Goldstein, K. (1940), 'Pathology and the Nature of Man: The Abstract Attitude in Patients with Lesions of the Brain Cortex'; 16. Schizophrenia: Jaspers, K. (1959), 'The Worlds of Schizophrenic Patients'; Minkowski, E. (1927), 'The Essential Disorder Underlying Schizophrenia and Schizophrenic Thought'; Binswanger, L. (1956), 'Extravagance, Perverseness, Manneristic Behaviour and Schizophrenia'; Blankenburg, W. (1968), 'First Steps Toward a Psychopathology of 'Common Sense''; Blankenburg, W. (1965), 'On the Differential Phenomenology of Delusional Perception: A Study of an Abnormal Significant Experience'; Conrad, K. (1958), 'Beginning Schizophrenia: Attempt for a Gestalt-Analysis of Delusion'; Rümke, H. (1948), 'The Nuclear Symptom of Schizophrenia and the Praecox Feeling'; 17. Affective disorder: Binswanger, L. (1964), 'On the Manic Mode of Being-in-the-World'; Schneider, K. (1920), 'The Stratification of Emotional Life and the Structure of States of Depression'; Straus, E. (1928), 'The Experience of Time in Endogenous Depression and in the Psychopathic Depressive State'; von Gebstattel, V. (1928), 'Compulsive Thought Relating to Time in Melancholia'; Tellenbach, H. (1982), 'Melancholy as Endocosmogenic Psychosis'; 18. Obsessive compulsive disorder: Straus, E. (1938), 'The Pathology of Compulsion'; von Gebsattel, V. (1938), 'The World of the Compulsive'; 19. Other: Scheler, M. (1913), 'The Psychology of So-called Compensation Hysteria and the Real Battle against Illness'; von Gebsattel, V. (1963), 'The Meaning of Medical Practice'; Merleau-Ponty, M. (1945), 'Cézanne's Doubt'; Epilogue; Index.