Fetal Echocardiography is a comprehensive, lavishly illustrated guide to fetal heart scanning for anyone involved in obstetric ultrasound. Authored by a leading pediatric cardiologist with over 30 years of experience, it brings together all the information needed by cardiologists, obstetricians, sonographers or maternal-fetal medicine clinicians in order to obtain clear, high-quality echocardiograms and interpret them. Initial chapters provide the basic principles of echocardiography and how to obtain the standard views, giving numerous illustrations of each standard view and the possible deviations from normal. Subsequent chapters present a complete pictorial representation of almost all malformations recognised in fetal life. An overview of the likely outcome of each malformation is given, backed up by personal data involving nearly 4000 abnormal fetal hearts. Additional chapters cover Fetal Arrhythmias and Early Fetal Heart Scanning. Highly illustrated and full of practical guidance, Fetal Echocardiography is an invaluable resource for all practitioners involved in obstetric scanning.
• Shows all the standard heart views and the possible variations from normal: provides a quick reference to the possible diagnoses when a specific difference from normal is seen on a scan • Gives images of almost all abnormal findings a practitioner will ever see: can be used to compare with a patient scan to reach a diagnosis • Utilizes author’s extensive experience to show normal images and all known abnormalities: this is the most valuable aid to diagnosis • Outlines the prognosis for each defect: gives the clinician an indication of the seriousness of the abnormality and its impact on the fetus
Preface; 1. Obtaining cardiac views; 2. The four-chamber view; 3. Great artery and arch views; 4. Supplementary views of the heart; 5. The use of colour and pulsed Doppler, M-mode, 2D measurement and rendering in fetal echocardiography; 6. Early fetal echocardiography; 7. Assessment and management of fetal cardiac arrhythmias; 8. Counselling, prognosis and outcome; References.