• Follows the TOE (TEE) exam syllabus to ensure comprehensive preparation • Concise note-based format for effective revision • Exam-style questions on each topic to facilitate self-assessment
1. Physics of ultrasound; 2. Guidelines and safety; 3. Normal anatomy and physiology; 4. Ventricular function; 5. Cardiomyopathies; 6. Valvular heart disease; 7. Cardiac masses; 8. Congenital heart disease; 9. Extracardiac anatomy; 10. Haemodynamic calculations; Appendix: list of abbreviations; Multiple choice answers.