By Gregory D. Cramer, DC, PhD, Professor and Dean of Research, National University of Health Science, Lombard, IL, USA and Susan A. Darby, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, National University of Health Science, Lombard, IL, USA
This one-of-a-kind text describes the specific anatomy and neuromusculoskeletal relationships of the human spine, with special emphasis on structures affected by manual spinal techniques. A comprehensive review of the literature explores current research of spinal anatomy and neuroanatomy, bringing practical applications to basic science.
- Coverage of the mechanisms behind the evaluation and treatment of clinical conditions related to the spine and associated neural structures helps you connect theory to practice by providing the rationale behind treatments.
- Special emphasis on structures that may be affected by manual and surgical spinal techniques and by other diagnostic and therapeutic procedures related to the spine provides more focused coverage than general anatomy references.
- Diagnostic imaging technology is highlighted throughout, with radiographs, CTs, and MRIs that demonstrate the relevance of anatomy to clinical practice.
- High-quality color illustrations and photographs enhance your understanding and assist with diagnostics.
- Highlighted items allow you to quickly locate clinically relevant information.
New To This Edition:
- Updated, evidence-based content ensures you have the information needed to provide safe, effective patient care.
- New section on fascia provides the latest information on this emerging topic.
- New illustrations, including line drawings, MRIs CTs, and x-rays, visually clarify key concepts.
Table Of Contents:
PART I: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SPINE AND SPINAL CORD
1. Surface Anatomy of the Back and Vertebral Levels of Clinically Important
2. General Characteristics of the Spine
3. General Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
4. Muscles That Influence the Spine
5. The Cervical Region
6. The Thoracic Region
7. The Lumbar Region
8. The Sacrum, Sacroiliac Joint, and Coccyx
PART II: NEUROANATOMY OF THE SPINAL CORD, AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, AND PAIN OF SPINAL ORIGIN
9. Neuroanatomy of the Spinal Cord
10. Neuroanatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System
11. Pain of Spinal Origin
PART III: SPINAL DEVELOPMENT, PEDIATRIC SPINE, AND MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY
12. Development of the Spine and Spinal Cord
13. Unique Anatomic Features of the Pediatric Spine
14. Microscopic Anatomy of the Zygapophyseal Joints, Intervertebral Discs, and Other Major Tissues of the Back