About this book
Emotions are the common ground of child psychotherapy and a therapist's essential means of communication with children. Improved emotional resilience must be the shared therapeutic goal of all those who work with children and families.
In Emotions in Child Psychotherapy, Kenneth Barish presents an integrative framework for child therapy, based on a contemporary understanding of the child's emotional experience. Barish begins with a concise review of recent advances in the psychology and neuroscience of emotions and an analysis of several emotions-interest, shame and pride, anxiety, anger, and sadness-that are essential, but often underappreciated, in therapeutic work with children. Offering an emotion-based perspective on optimal and pathological development in childhood, Barish argues that in pathological development, negative emotions have become malignant and children are locked in vicious cycles of interaction that perpetuate defiance and withdrawal. Based on these principles, Barish presents a comprehensive model for therapeutic work with children and families. He demonstrates how a systematic focus on the child's emotions provides new understandings of all phases of the therapeutic process and effective means of solving persistent clinical problems: how to engage more children in treatment, mitigate the child's resistance, and provide the kind of understanding to children that promotes openness, initiative, and pro-social character development. Finally, Barish offers a set of active therapeutic strategies that will help repair family relationships damaged by frequent anger and resentment, as well as specific techniques to help parents resolve many of the most common challenges of childrearing.
Emotions in Child Psychotherapy includes extensive clinical illustrations and
addresses many of the problems faced, at some time, by every child therapist.
Both richly informative and highly practical, this book will be value to all
students of child therapy and to practicing clinicians of differing theoretical
Table of Contents
Introduction: Why Emotion?
PART I: NORMAL AND PATHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDHOOD
1: Emotions and Emotional Development
Emotions: Basic Tenets
Emotion, Need, and "Self"
Representative Emotions: Interest, Shame and Pride, Anxiety, Anger, and Sadness
2: Optimal and Pathological Development: A General Theory
Optimal Development: Resilience and Positive Expectations
How Does Emotional Resilience Develop?
3: Theories of Pathological Development: A Brief Review
Psychoanalytic Theory: The Classical Model
Psychoanalytic Theory: Developmental and Interpersonal Models
Cognitive and Behavioral Models
Emotion Regulation: An Emerging Consensus
4: Psychopathology in Childhood: Malignant and Reparative Processes
A Reparative Perspective
The Role of Conflict
PART II: THE THERAPEUTIC PROCESS
5: The Therapeutic Process: An Overview
Essential Diagnostic Questions
6: Therapeutic Engagement
Positive Affects: Theory and Research
The Nature of Empathy
How is Emapthy Expressed in Clinical Work with Children?
The Therapeutic Function of Empathy
Difficulties and Limitations
8: The Problem of Resistance
Childrens' Resistances: Typical Forms
What Can We Do?
9: Child Psychotherapy as a Socializing Process I --Moral Development
Socialization: General Principles
Socialization: Theory and Research
Parental Pride and the Development of Ideals
Emotion and Moral Development
The Socializing Function of Play
10: Child Psychotherapy as a Socializing Process II--Winning and Losing
Losing and Demoralization
Cheating: A Therapeutic Opportunity
PART III: PARENT GUIDANCE
11: Implications for Work with Parents I--Promoting Emotional Health and Resilience
The Goals of Parent Guidance
A Therapeutic Plan for Families
Positive Affect Sharing
Pro-Active Problem Solving
A First and Final Principle: Staying Positive
12: Implications for Work with Parents II--Helping Parents with Common Problems of Daily Living
Rules and Limits
Schwartz: The 15-Minute Rule
Television and Electronic Games
At School: A Book of Positives