Introduction: practical use of the textbook.- 1. Introduction on hemorrhagic stroke.- 1.1. Definition and classification.- 1.2. Statistics on hemorrhagic stroke.- 1.3. Ethnic differences.- 2. Risk factors and pathophysiology.- 2.1. Risk factors of intracerebral hemorrhage.- 2.2. Classification of hemorrhagic stroke.- 2.3. Pathophysiology of intracerebral hemorrhage.- 2.4. Pathophysiology of subarachnoid hemorrhage.- 2.5. Pathophysiology of arteriovenous malformation.- 2.6. Pathophysiology of dural arteriovenous fistula.- 2.7. Pathophysiology of cerebral amyloid angiopathy.- 2.8. Pathophysiology of moyamoya disease.- 2.9. Pathophysiology of genetic causes of hemorrhagic stroke.- 3. Diagnosis and treatment of hemorrahgic stroke.- 3.1. Triage of patients with hemorrhagic stroke: overview.- 3.2. Organization of stroke care.- 3.3. Principles of brain imaging for hemorrhagic stroke diagnosis.- 3.4. Blood pressure management.- 3.5. Acute treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage - neurosurgery and intervention.- 3.6. General medical management - fluid, fever, glucose and heart.- 3.7. Neurocritical care for hemorrhagic stroke patients.- 3.8. Dysphagia assessment.- 3.9. Prevention and management of stroke complication.- 3.10. Specific medical treatment for hemostasis.- 3.11. Neurosurgery for intracererbral hemorrhage.- 3.12. Rehabilitation.- 4. Primary or secondary prevention.- 4.5. Risk factor control.- 4.2. Surgery for stroke prevention.- 4.3. Angiographic intervention for stroke prevention.- 4.4. Management of post-stroke sequlae: depression, dementia, and motor deficit.- 5. Clinical practice guidelines.- 5.1. History, purpose and use of clinical practice guidelines for stroke.- 5.2. Discrepancy and pitfalls of clinical practice guidelines.- 5.3. Smart use of clinical practice guidelines.
This book presents state of the art knowledge on hemorrhagic stroke in a unique organizational style. All aspects are covered, including risk factors, pathophysiology, diagnostic modalities, treatment, and prevention. Individual procedures and issues are fully discussed with the aid of complementary illustrations that facilitate understanding of practical aspects and enable the reader to retrieve fundamental information quickly. Furthermore, in an accompanying overview diagnostic and therapeutic processes are dynamically described in a time sequence mirroring real practice. The recent striking advances in brain imaging have resulted in a better understanding of the causes and pathophysiology of hemorrhagic stroke, and management has been enhanced by a variety of surgical techniques, intensive monitoring, and administration of novel medical treatment. Against this background, it is timely to summarize current understanding of hemorrhagic stroke and its management from a practical perspective. This textbook will be invaluable for stroke physicians, surgeons, and students seeking to acquire up-to-date knowledge on the subject.
Seung-Hoon Lee, MDDepartment of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea