This Textbook of Gynecology has been written with emphasis on recent advances, counseling, medicolegal aspects and ethics. In this fast mechanized world, the art of talking to the patient is fast disappearing. Therefore, a chapter on Counseling has been included in this book. With this end in mind, a chapter on the Medicolegal Aspects of Obstetrics has been written. Other often neglected but important topics are discussed in detail along with chapters on Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) and Preconception and Prenatal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) and Biomedical Waste Management. Finally, it is important to know about the importance given to maternal health by the Government of India (e.g. NRHM). This book will update students on the recent endeavors of the government to alleviate suffering of women by various schemes. Overall, this book will provide a comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the interesting subject of gynecology.