This book aims to simplify and demystify some of the common problems in pediatric neurology especially encountered by the general pediatricians and pediatric students (both undergraduates and postgraduates). It tries to describe a practical approach towards the diagnosis and treatment of various neurological conditions which would prove extremely useful in day to day clinical practice. This book, titled Algorithms in Pediatric Neurology intends to enable the ordinary pediatrician to recognize many disorders in a simplified manner and give practical suggestions in their management. These algorithms are based on the concept of listening, watching and thinking before initiating treatment. Pediatric neurology has come a long way. There was a time when a pediatrician’s best advice was to tell the parents to simply wait and let the child outgrow his problems. Today magnetic resonance imaging, genetics and basic science related to the understanding of complex illnesses have changed the way we handle these problems. However, the clinical approach to most problems can be further simplified. It is in the larger good of empowering the general pediatrician and student of pediatrics to try to look at and understand pediatric neurology problems.