The International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O) has beenused for nearly 25 years as the standard tool for coding diagnoses of neoplasms in tumour and cancer registrars and in pathology laboratories. ICD-O is a dual classification with coding systems for both topography and morphology. The topography code describes the site of origin of the neoplasm and uses the same 3-character and 4-character categories as in the neoplasmsection of Chapter II, ICD-10. The morphology code describes thecharacteristics of the tumour itself, including its cell type and biologic activity.
In preparing this revised edition, the editors have made a special effort to change as few terms as possible, to add new terms at empty spaces, and to avoid reuse of previously assigned codes. While all topography codes remainthe same as in the previous edition, morphology codes have been thoroughlyreviewed and, where necessary, revised to increase their diagnostic precision and prognostic value.