This project draws together the diverse strands of the debate regarding disability in a way never before combined in a single volume. After providing a representative sampling of competing philosophical approaches to the conceptualization of disability as such, the volume goes on to address such themes as the complex interplay between disability and quality of life, questions of social justice as it relates to disability, and the personal dimensions of the disability experience.
By explicitly locating the discussion of various applied ethical questions within the broader theoretical context of how disability is best conceptualized, the volume seeks to bridge the gap between abstract philosophical musings about the nature of disease, illness and disability found in much of the philosophy of medicine literature, on the one hand, and the comparatively concrete but less philosophical discourse frequently encountered in much of the disability studies literature. It also critically examines various claims advanced by disability advocates, as well as those of their critics.
In bringing together leading scholars in the fields of moral theory, bioethics, and disability studies, this volume makes a unique contribution to the scholarly literature, while also offering a valuable resource to instructors and students interested in a text that critically examines and assesses various approaches to some of the most vexing problems in contemporary social and political philosophy.
Written for: Scholars, teachers, and students in the fields of moral theory, biomedical ethics, and disability studies, as well as policy makers interested in the philosophical and ethical foundations of laws and policies impacting various disabled populations
Concepts of Health and Disease
Justice in Health Care
Quality of Life
Table of contents
List of contributors
1. Philosophical Reflections on Disability
D. Christopher Ralston & Justin Ho
Part I Concepts and Theories of Disability
2. An Essay on Modeling: The Social Model of Disability
3. Ability, Competence, and Qualification: Fundamental Concepts in the Philosophy of Disability
4. Disability and Medical Theory
Part II Disability, Quality of Life, and Bioethics
5. Utilitarianism, Disability, and Society
6. Too Late to Matter? Preventing the Birth of Infants at Risk for Adult-Onset Disease or Disability
Laura M. Purdy
7. To Fail to Enhance is to Disable
Muireann Quigley & John Harris
8. Disability and Human Flourishing
Part III Disability, Social Justice, and Public Policy
9. Equal Treatment for Disabled Persons: The Case of Organ Transplantation
Robert M. Veatch
10. Disability Rights: Do We Really Mean It?
11. Dignity, Disability, Difference, and Rights
Daniel P. Sulmasy
12. Public Policy and Personal Aspects of Disability
Patricia M. Owens & Eric J. Cassell
13. Disability and Social Justice
14. The Unfair and the Unfortunate: Some Brief Critical Reflections on Secular Moral Claim Rights for the Disabled
H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.
Part IV Personal Voices
15. Neither Victims nor Heroes: Reflections from a Polio Person
Jean B. Elshtain