This essential volume provides detailed information on all key aspects of tumor imaging with diverse sonographic techniques. In the first part, the reader will find aspects on the main issues in clinical oncology, including screening, detection, characterization and staging of malignant neoplasms, assessment of response to treatment, and follow-up. Then, the examination technique and the main findings of all ultrasound modalities (gray-scale ultrasound, spectral Doppler, color-Doppler, power-Doppler, and contrast-enhanced ultrasound) are described, with special reference to clues and pitfalls in the process of diagnosis. Subsequently all clinical scenarios where ultrasound plays a major role are described in detail. The last part of the book depicts the main US-guided, diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.
Radiologists and non-radiologists performing ultrasound studies will find the book useful in their clinical practice.
Written for: Oncologists, radiologists, surgeons
- US- guided intervention
Table of contents
General Considerations: Pros of tumor ultrasound. Cons of tumor ultrasound. Ultrasound and tumor screening. Ultrasound and neoangiogenesis. Tumor staging. Ultrasound and response to treatment. Ultrasound, follow-up, and recurrence. Gray-scale Ultrasound – Methodology. Gray-scale Ultrasound – Applications. Spectral Doppler – Methodology and applications. Color and power Doppler – Methodology. Color and power Doppler – Applications. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound – Methodology. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound – Applications.- Superficial Soft Tissues: Skin tumours. Superficial lymphadenopaties. Palpable superficial masses. Soft-tissue sarcomas.- The Neck: Neck masses. Salivary tumours. Thyroid nodule. Staging and follow-up of thyroid cancer.- The Breast: Breast nodule. Locally-advanced breast cancer . Lymph node metastasis. Loco-regional recurrence of breast cancer.- The Abdomen: Abdominal masses. Focal lesions in patients without chronic liver disease. Focal lesions in patients with chronic liver disease. Gallbladder wall lesions. Malignant jaundice. Pancreatic tumors. Focal splenic lesions. Abdominal lymphadenopaties. Peritoneal carcinomatosis. Gastrointestinal tract tumours.- The Urogenital Tract: Adrenal masses. Small renal tumors. Renal masses. Atypical renal cyst. Ovarian masses. Endometrial thickening. Bladder wall lesions. Prostate nodule. Testis tumors.- US-Guided Intervention : US guidance for interventional procedures. Needle aspiration - Superficial structures. Needle aspiration - Internal structures. Core Biopsy - Superficial structures. Core Biopsy - Internal structures. Vacuum-assisted biopsy. Placement of presurgical markers. Drainages. Percutaneous ethanol injection. Radiofrequency ablation and other ablation therapies. Assessment of liver lesions treated with ablation therapies.- References.-