Whether in fetal or postnatal life, echocardiographic diagnosis is based on moving images. With recent advances in ultrasound systems, storing multiple digital frames and clips with superb image quality has become a reality. These advances have brought innovative applications into the clinical field and can be integrated into powerful multimedia presentations for teaching purposes.
Sections of cardiac specimens are usually compared with corresponding sections in echocardiography textbooks. These sections are mainly obtained from isolated hearts, due to ease and speed of acquisition. Nevertheless, sections of the whole body are a better tool with which to understand the relationship between cardiac and extracardiac structures. This understanding is particularly important in fetal echocardiography, where the number of visible structures around the heart is much greater and the approaches to the fetal thorax are more variable.
The DVD accompanying the book presents morphological images from tomographic sections of the whole fetal body, as well as high-quality dynamic echocardiographic images of normal fetuses and of some of the most common congenital heart defects.
The extraordinary amount of information provided in this work makes this publication a highly useful resource for obstetricians, sonographers, and pediatric cardiologists.
Written for: Obstetricians, sonographers, pediatric cardiologists
- Congenital Heart Disease
- Fetal Echocardiography
- Prenatal Diagnosis
Table of contents
Part I Basic principles of diagnosis: General guidelines. Determining the laterality of the fetal body and image orientation. The visceroatrial arrangement (Situs). The cardiac position and axis orientation. Principles of segmental analysis.- Part II Echocardiographic Projections.- Transverse views of the fetal body: The transverse views of the upper abdomen. The four-chamber view. The five-chamber view. The three-vessel view. The arterial duct transverse view. The aortic arch transverse view. The arterial duct and aortic arch transverse view.- Longitudinal views of the fetal body: The inferior and superior vena cava long-axis view (The bicaval view). The aortic arch long-axis view. The arterial duct long-axis view. Special considerations on the arterial duct and aortic arch views. The right ventricle outflow view. The left ventricle short-axis view.- Oblique views of the fetal body: The left ventricle long-axis view.- Part III Echocardiographic and morphologic overview: Three-dimensional ultrasound assessment of the fetal heart. The role of the pathologist in the diagnosis of fetal heart disease.