Comprehensive resource that focuses on the origins of health rather than the origins of disease (pathogenesis). It traces the history and development of the Salutogenic Model, from Aaron Antonovsky's groundbreaking scholarship to the present day. The book examines the key concept of salutogenesis, Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the factors that mediate SOC and health. Bringing together leading scholars from the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE), this book aims to answer the question: where has over three decades of research and scholarship brought the Salutogenic Model of Health? Chapters look at the role of culture in the development of salutogenesis and the development of SOC over the life course. A key section summarizes the research in salutogenesis in the non-English literature and a section on research resources contains information on salutogenesis bibliographies, databases, organizations and web sites.
Section I: History and Development of the Salutogenic Model.- Introduction to the Aim of the Book.- Aaron Antonovsky, the Scholar and the Man.- The Salutogenic Model of Health: Developments from 1979 to 1994.- The Sense of Coherence as Appreciated by Antonovsky.- Section II: Developments in the Era after Antonovsky: Sense of Coherence.- The Role of Culture in the Development of Sense of Coherence.- Development of SOC over the Life Course.- Sense of Coherence: Individuals, Families, Community.- Critical Reflections on the Conceptualisation and Measurement of SOC.- Section III: Developments in the Era after Antonovsky.- The Conceptualisation, Nature, Sources and Measurement of Generalised Resistance Resources.- Public and Private Health Measures and Other Specific Resistance Resources.- The Concepts of Health in Research Based on the Salutogenic Model.- Section IV: Salutogenesis Research in Settings for Health Promotion.- Organisations and Work Life.- Schools.- Cities and Towns.- Community Gardens and Care Farms.- Health Care Settings.- Very Poor Settings in the Global South.- Correctional Settings.- Section V: Salutogenesis Scholarship in Non-English Literatures.- Dutch.- French.- German.- Hebrew.- Italian.- Japanese.- Polish.- Russian.- Scandinavian Languages.- Spanish.- Section VI: From the Present to the Future.- Newer Conceptualisations of the Salutogenic Model of Health.- Evidence-Based Revision of the Salutogenic Model.- Development of the Salutogenic Orientation as Part of a Larger Movement Towards Positive Perspectives in Health Promotion.- Conclusions.- Resources.
Maurice B. Mittelmark is a psychologist and epidemiologist, and a Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology. He conducted health behaviour research and community-based studies of chronic disease prevention at the University of Minnesota from 1978 to 1987. At Wake Forest University (1987-1995) he directed the Center for Human Services Research and several community studies related to the health needs of vulnerable population sub-groups including older adults and African-Americans. At the University of Bergen since 1995, his research interests include health promotion partnerships, salutogenesis and health equity in the Global South. Professor Mittelmark was President of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE) in the period 2001-2007 and served after that as IUHPE Vice President for Communications, and Editor-in-Chief of the IUHPE’s journal Promotion & Education.