Basics of pediatric retinal vascular diseases.- Development of hyaloid, vitreous and retinal vasculature.- Preparation of neonates before exam and surgery.- Pupil dilatation of neonates.- What to do in case of bad pupil dilatation?.- Anaesthesia for examination and surgery of neonates.- Exam under local and general anesthesia.- Surgery under local and general anesthesia.- Examination of neonates with wide-field fundus camera.- Fundus Imaging (1): Wide-field fundus photo.- Examination of neonates with angiography and OCT.- Fundus Imaging (2): Fluorescein angiography.- Fundus Imaging (3): OCT and OCTA.- FEVR.- diagnosis of FEVR.- classification of FEVR.- treatments of FEVR (laser/anti-VEGF/surgery).- Coats' disease.- diagnosis of Coats' disease.- classification of Coats' disease.- treatment Coats' disease with laser/anti-VEGF.- surgical treatment Coats' disease (laser, vitrectomy).- Incontinentia Pigmenti.- diagnosis of Incontinentia Pigmenti.- classification of Incontinentia Pigmenti.- treatments of Incontinentia Pigmenti (laser/anti-VEGF/surgery).- surgical treatment of Incontinentia Pigmenti (vitrectomy).- Norrie disease.- diagnosis of Norrie disease.- classification of Norrie disease.- treatments of Norrie disease (laser/anti-VEGF/surgery).- ROP.- Pathogenesis of ROP.- oxygen, inflammation, growth factors, essential nutrients.- Classification & Screening of ROP.- Laser treatment: indications, how to laser, anatomical/visual results, involution after laser, complications.- Anti-VEGF treatment.- Surgical treatments for stage 4/5 ROP.- Long-term outcomes of ROP: visual development (including visual acuity), refractive error, strabismus.
This book provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on diagnosis, medical and surgical treatments for pediatric retinal vascular conditions, which are leading causes of childhood blindness throughout the world. Experienced ophthalmologists in the field discuss basic knowledge about these diseases and practical aspects of management such as exam under anesthesia, diagnostic approaches including spectral-domain hand-held optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography. The reader will learn about the recent advances in medical and surgical treatments for pediatric retinal vascular diseases. The surgical treatments, anti-VEGF injections, laser photocoagulation and lens sparing vitrectomy are explained step-by-step and can be observed in several videos.
Both the general ophthalmologist who cares for children with retinal diseases and the specialist (pediatric ophthalmologists and vitreoretinal surgeon) will find this book to be an informative resource in providing best care for children with pediatric retinal vascular conditions.
Ulrich H.M. Spandau, MD, PhD, is Assistant Professor in the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden. After graduating in Medicine from the University of Wurzburg, Germany, Dr. Spandau completed residencies in the Departments of Ophthalmology at the University of Heidelberg and University of Mannheim-Heidelberg and surgical training at the Eye Clinic, Koblenz, Germany. He became an accredited Specialist in Ophthalmology in 2003. In 2006 he was appointed Vice Director of the Department of Ophthalmology at University of Mannheim-Heidelberg and since 2008 he has been Attending Surgeon and Head of Ocular Surgery at the Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Uppsala. He is the author of more than 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals.
Sang Jin Kim, MD, PhD is an associate professor in the Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. He graduated from Seoul National University College of Medicine in 2001 and completed Ophthalmology residency and retina fellowship at Seoul National University Hospital. In 2011, he joined the faculty of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center. From 2016 to 2018, he studied pediatric retinal diseases including ROP at Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Oregon, USA as a visiting scholar. His main research topics are pediatric retinal diseases and inherited retinal degenerations. He is the author of more than 70 articles in peer-reviewed journals.