Section 1 – Infrastructure and Instrumentation. Why MAS in children; Equipment and Instrumentation; Energy Sources in MAS. Section 2 – Preparing for Laparoscopy. Anesthesia for Laparoscopy in the Pediatric Patient; Complications of Laparoscopic pediatric Surgery; Ergonomics of Pediatric Laparoscopic Surgery. Section 3 – Laparoscopy for Gastrointestinal System including Diagnostic Laparoscopy in Pediatrics; Laparoscopic – Appendectomy, Cardiomyotomy for Achalasia Cardia, Nissen’s Fundoplication, Pyloromyotomy, Assisted Operation for Malrotation, Adhesiolysis, Treatment of Hirschsprung’s Diseas, Treatment of Anorectal Malformation in Infants and Children, Treatment of Meckel’s Diverticulum, Herniotomy, Cholecystectomy, Splenectomy, Liver Abscess Drainage, Management of VP Shunt. Section 4 – Laparoscopy for Urogenital System Management of Cryptochidism, Variococelectomy, Transperitoneal Laparoscopic Nephrectomy, Adrenalectomy, Management of Ovarian Cysts, Dismembered Pyeloplasty. Section 5 – Thoracoscopy Diagnostic Thoracoscopy; Laparoscopic Assisted CDH Repair; Thoracoscopic TEF Repair; Video Assisted Thorasic Surgery (VATS) In Empyema; Thoracoscopic Dorsal Sympathectomy. Section 6 – Research. Minimally Invasive Intravesical Ureteric Reimplantation.