Biotechnology harnesses cellular and biochemical systems to advance knowledge of the molecular cause of disease and to provide new diagnostic tools and more precisely targeted drugs. Within a decade, global investment in medical biotechnology has increased more than ten-fold, resulting in therapies for previously untreatable conditions. But what exactly is biotechnology and what are its origins? What further benefits to human health could it offer in the future?
In an accessible style, this book examines how biotechnology tools came to be discovered, how they are being used, and what the future of medicine could look like. Experts trace the development of biotechnologies such as DNA sequencing, gene therapy and monocolonal antibodies explaining how they are applied in medicine to combat disease. Find out about the science behind diagnostic technologies, such as cancer screening and pregnancy tests. Explore how genetic engineering has produced new vaccines.
Applying new biotechnologies in medicine is not without great challenges. As medicines shift from small organic molecules to large, complex structures, such as therapeutic proteins, drugs become difficult to make, administer and regulate. This book will intrigue anyone who is interested in medicine and how we have been, and may continue to, engineer better health for ourselves.