List of figures
Rationale: Why study dental morphology, and why use this book to do it?
1.2 Problems collecting dental morphological data
1.3 Dental morphological data are useful
Hominin evolutionary relationships
Worldwide patterns of variation
Individual level analyses
A note about the use of the words, "race" and "ancestry"
How to study dental morphology
3.1 Data collection
3.2 Data analysis
Individual estimation of group membership
How to use this manual
Data collection pages
Arch and tooth reference pages
8.1 Arches with directions
8.2 Individual tooth directions/cusp names
8.3 Deciduous arches (teeth to avoid)
9. Individual tooth directions/cusp names
10. Deciduous arches
Trait expression summary pages
This work provides a new, comprehensive update to the Arizona State University Dental Anthropology System (ASUDAS). Drawing upon her extensive experience in informatics, curating data, and dental morphological data acquisition, Edgar has developed accessible and user-friendly standardized images and descriptions of dental morphological variants. The manual provides nearly 400 illustrations that indicate ideal expressions of each dental trait. These drawings are coupled with over 650 photographs of real teeth, indicating real-world examples of each expression. Additionally, trait descriptions have been written to be clear, comparative, and easy to apply. Together, the images and descriptions are presented in a standardized form for quick and clear reference. All of these modifications to ASUDAS make it more usable for students and professionals alike. In addition to these features of the manual, the text makes a brief but strong argument for why dental morphology will continue to be a useful tool in biological anthropology through the 21st century.