During the course of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars, military orthopedic surgeons have made significant technical and philosophic changes in the treatment of musculoskeletal combat casualties. The widespread use of individual and vehicular body armor, evolution of enemy tactics to include its reliance on improvised explosive devices, and the effectiveness of treatment rendered at military treatment facilities have resulted in a large burden of complex orthopedic injuries. Combat Orthopedic Surgery: Lessons Learned in Iraq and Afghanistan represents and recognizes the latest advances in musculoskeletal surgical care performed to treat today’s US military service members.
Editors LTC Brett D. Owens, MD and LTC Philip J. Belmont Jr., MD have brought together the leading military orthopedic surgeons to relay their clinical orthopedic surgery expertise, as well as to discuss how to provide optimal care for combat casualties both initially in theater and definitively at tertiary care facilities within the United States.
Combat Orthopedic Surgery: Lessons Learned in Iraq and Afghanistan is divided into five sections, with the first being devoted to an overview of general topics. The second section covers scientific topics and their clinical application to musculoskeletal combat casualties. The final three sections are clinically focused on the upper extremity, lower extremity, and spine and pelvic injuries, with many illustrative case examples referenced throughout.
Most Clinical Chapters Contain:
- Introduction/historical background
- Management in theater
- Definitive management
- Surgical techniques
Combat Orthopedic Surgery: Lessons Learned in Iraq and Afghanistan will be the definitive academic record that represents how orthopedic surgeons currently manage and treat musculoskeletal combat casualties.
About the Editors
Foreword by LtCol John M. Tokish, MD, MC USAF
Foreword by John Callaghan, MD
SECTION I: PRINCIPLES
- Chapter 1: The History of Combat Orthopedic Surgery
MAJ Andrew J. Schoenfeld, MD
- Chapter 2: The Combat Environment and Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Combat
LTC Philip J. Belmont Jr, MD and CPT Gens P. Goodman, DO
- Chapter 3: Echelons of Care
LTC Mark Pallis, DO and COL Tad Gerlinger, MD
- Chapter 4: The Forward Surgical Team
MAJ Andrew J. Schoenfeld, MD; MAJ Dirk L. Slade, MD; and LTC Philip J. Belmont Jr, MD
- Chapter 5: Combat Support Hospitals
COL James R. Ficke, MD
- Chapter 6: Landstuhl Regional Medical Center
COL Joachim Jude Tenuta, MD
SECTION II: ADVANCEMENTS
- Chapter 7: Ballistic, Blast, and Burn Injury: Science and Clinical Implications
COL (Ret) Roman Hayda, MD
- Chapter 8: Management of Complex Combat-Related Soft Tissue Wounds/Negative
Pressure Wound Therapy
MAJ Brett A. Freedman, MD and MAJ Leon J. Nesti, MD, PhD
- Chapter 9: Basic Science of War Wounds
LCDR Jonathan Agner Forsberg, MD; Trevor S. Brown, PhD; and MAJ Benjamin K. Potter, MD
- Chapter 10: Heterotopic Ossification
MAJ Benjamin K. Potter, MD and LCDR Jonathan Agner Forsberg, MD
- Chapter 11: Irrigation and Debridement
MAJ Scott Waterman, MD; CDR Mark E. Fleming, DO; and LTC Brett D. Owens, MD
- Chapter 12: Tissue Engineering and Regeneration
LCDR Jared A. Vogler, DO; Wesley Jackson, PhD; and MAJ Leon J. Nesti, MD, PhD
- Chapter 13: Infection in Orthopedic Extremity Injuries
LTC Clinton K. Murray, MD
- Chapter 14: Tourniquets
COL John F. Kragh Jr, MD
- Chapter 15: External Fixation Principles
LCDR Joseph Carney, MD and CAPT D.C. Covey, MD
SECTION III: UPPER EXTREMITY
- Chapter 16: Upper Extremity Nerve Injuries
CAPT Eric P. Hofmeister, MD; LT Kathryn H. Hanna, MD; and LCDR Leo T. Kroonen, MD
- Chapter 17: Upper Extremity Amputations
LTC(P) Kenneth F. Taylor, MD and COL Gerald L. Farber, MD
- Chapter 18: Upper Extremity Coverage: Management of Combat-Related Soft
Tissue Injury of the Upper Extremity
CDR (Ret) Anand R. Kumar, MD; CAPT Alan A. Lim, MD; LT Scott Tintle, MD; and
James P. Bradley, MD
- Chapter 19: Complex Reconstructive Challenges in Hand and Forearm Wounds
LTC(P) Martin F. Baechler, MD; LT Scott Tintle, MD; COL Chester C. Buckenmaier III, MD; and MAJ Matthew L. Drake, MD
- Chapter 20: Complex Elbow and Shoulder Injuries
Capt Robert McGill, MD and Col Damian Rispoli, MD
SECTION IV: LOWER EXTREMITY
- Chapter 21: Lower Extremity Limb Salvage
CPT Michael J. Beltran, MD; LTC(P) Romney C. Andersen, MD; and LTC Joseph R. Hsu, MD
- Chapter 22: Combat-Related Lower Extremity Amputations
MAJ Benjamin K. Potter, MD; LT Scott Tintle, MD; and LCDR Jonathan Agner Forsberg, MD
- Chapter 23: Prostheses for Major Extremity Amputations
Zach Harvey, BS, CPO and MAJ Benjamin K. Potter, MD
- Chapter 24: Long-Bone Fracture Management
MAJ Travis C. Burns, MD; CPT Daniel J. Stinner, MD; and LTC Joseph R. Hsu, MD
- Chapter 25: Lower Extremity Coverage: Management of Combat-Related Soft
Tissue Injury of the Lower Extremity
CDR (Ret) Anand R. Kumar, MD; CAPT Alan A. Lim, MD; LT Scott Tintle, MD; and James P. Bradley, MD
- Chapter 26: Complex Foot and Ankle Injuries
LTC Scott B. Shawen, MD; CPT Jonathan F. Dickens, MD; CPT Kelly G. Kilcoyne, MD; and MAJ Benjamin K. Potter, MD
SECTION V: SPINE/PELVIS
- Chapter 27: Combat Injuries to the Pelvis and Acetabulum
LtCol Wade Gordon, MD; CPT Matthew Kluk, MD; CDR Joseph E. Strauss, DO; and LTC(P) Romney C. Andersen, MD
- Chapter 28: Spine Fractures
CPT Daniel G. Kang, MD and LTC Ronald A. Lehman Jr, MD
- Chapter 29: Spine Neurologic Injury
CDR David E. Gwinn, MD and LTC Michael K. Rosner, MD
"The new textbook "Combat Orthopedic Surgery" should be mandatory reading for all those who care for injured combatants. The authors have assembled an excellent group of highly experienced physicians, describing management based on various body regions or systemic pathology. It is the definitive reference book for optimal treatment of orthopaedic injuries from the ongoing war in Iraq and Afghanistan. I will place this book on my shelf and use it often."
— John Holcomb, MD, FACS, Chief of the Division of Acute Care Surgery, Director of the Center for Translational Injury Research at the University of Texas Health Science Center; former commander of the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research
"Good textbooks on surgical technique are indeed precious. They provide thoughtful commentary on a host of subjects that range from systems of care to operative planning to recovery. When done well, they are written by experienced clinicians and include high quality radiographs, summary tables and operative photographs that help guide younger clinicians when they are faced with difficult management problems. This book is one of the truly good examples of what these textbooks should be.
Advances in injury care almost always come around times of armed conflict. While some of these occur in the civilian sector, most of them are military, and this occurs virtually every time a war is fought. Unfortunately, the battlefield is an example of one of the least controlled environments in which clinicians work. It is difficult to catalogue radiographs and even more difficult to obtain good operative photos. Finally, follow up care can be fragmented, making the ability to follow a single patient from injury to recovery extraordinarily difficult.
This book addresses all of these issues and does so nearly flawlessly. It covers all of the important areas of soft tissue and bony injury. The book begins with a discussion of principles of orthopedic care and then describes the echelons of care available in the current conflict. It goes on to discuss other clinically relevant topics such as infection and then divides the body into anatomic zones and reviews the principle of care for each one.
The text is concise but complete. The radiographs and operative photos are superb. The authors are clearly very experienced. This book is a must read for any young surgeon who is interested in a comprehensive view of battlefield bony injuries. Many of the principles will be pertinent for high energy civilian injuries as well. The authors should be commended for a wonderful job and have provided us all with a meaningful resource."
— Thomas M. Scalea, MD, Francis X. Kelly Professor of Trauma Surgery; Director, Program in Trauma; Physician-in-Chief, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
About the Editors
LTC Brett D. Owens, MD is a Distinguished Graduate of the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. He graduated from the Georgetown University School of Medicine in Washington, DC and completed his internship at Walter Reed Army Medical Center. He completed his orthopaedic surgery residency at the University of Massachusetts and the John A. Feagin Jr Sports Medicine Fellowship at West Point. He is currently an Associate Professor of Surgery (Orthopaedics) at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland. He served as an orthopaedic surgeon with the 86th Combat Support Hospital in Iraq and is currently Chief of Orthopaedic Surgery Service, Keller Army Hospital, West Point, New York.
LTC Philip J. Belmont Jr, MD is a Distinguished Graduate of the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. He graduated from the Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, North Carolina and completed his internship and orthopaedic surgery residency at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, DC. He is currently an Associate Professor of Surgery (Orthopaedics) at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda, Maryland. He served as an orthopaedic surgeon with the 228th Combat Support Hospital in Iraq and is currently the Chief of Adult Reconstruction and Program Director of the William Beaumont Army Medical Center/Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Program at William Beaumont Army Medical Center, El Paso, Texas.