Sports in American History: From Colonization to Globalization, Second Edition, journeys from the early American past to the present to give students a compelling grasp of the evolution of American sporting practices. This text provides students with insights into new and alternative perspectives, examines sport as a social and cultural phenomenon, generates a better understanding of current sport practices, and considers future developments in American sport.
The second edition includes the following enhancements:
- The final chapter highlights sport in the twenty-first century and gives students an updated view of contemporary sport.
- Content about the progressive era now makes up two chapters and provides students with a clearer understanding of this instrumental period.
- New “People and Places” and “International Perspectives” sidebars introduce key figures in sport history and provide students with a global understanding of sport.
- Time lines with major sport and societal events and milestones provide context in each chapter.
- More than 150 images provide historical authenticity and relate people and events to the accompanying text.
- Chapter objectives and discussion questions help students absorb and apply relevant content.
- An ancillary suite helps instructors prepare for class with an instructor guide, test package, and presentation package.
This comprehensive resource delivers coverage of sport by historical periods—from the indigenous tribes of premodern America, through colonial societies, to the era of sport in the United States today. Sports in American History, Second Edition, examines how women, minorities, and ethnic and religious groups have influenced U.S. sporting culture. This gives students a broader knowledge of the complexities of sport, health, and play in the American experience and how historical factors, such as gender, ethnicity, race, and religion, provide a more complete understanding of sports in American history.
The easy-to-follow material is divided into 11 chronological chapters starting with sporting practices in colonial America and ending with globalized sport today, making it ideal for a semester-long course. The second edition maintains dedication to providing authentic primary documents—including newspapers, illustrations, photographs, historical writings, quotations, and posters—to bring the time periods to life for students. An extensive bibliography features primary and secondary sources in American sport history.
Sports in American History, Second Edition, is unique in its level of detail, broad time frame, and focus on sports and the evolving definitions of physical activity and games. In addition, excerpts from primary documents provide firsthand accounts that will not only inform and fascinate readers but also provide a well-rounded perspective on the historical development of American sport. With sidebars offering an international viewpoint, this book will help students understand how historical events have shaped sport differently in the United States than in other parts of the world.
Chapter 1. Sporting Experiences in Colonial America, 1400–1750
Native American Pastimes and Sports
Influence of Religion on English Colonists
Sport in American Colonies
Chapter 2. Sport and Pastimes in the American Revolutionary Era and Early National Period, 1750–1820
The Great Awakening and the Place of Sport
Consumerism and Changing Patterns of Colonial Life
The Enlightenment in America and Ideas of Sport and the Body
Frontier and Backcountry Sport
Women’s Active Recreation in the Revolutionary Era and Early National Period
Native American Sport
Sporting Practices During the American Revolutionary War
Turn of the Nineteenth Century and Societal Patterns
Chapter 3. Antebellum Health Reforms and Sporting Forms, 1820–1860
Overview of the Antebellum Period
Women and Physical Activity
Rural Sporting Practices
Rise of Agricultural and Sporting Journalism
Sporting Practices of the Middle and Upper Classes
Public Spaces for Health and Sport
Sporting Pastimes of African Americans and Native Americans
Immigrants and Sporting Cultures
Chapter 4. Rise of Rationalized and Modern Sport, 1850–1870
Concept of Modern Sport
Subcommunities and the Growth of Modern Sport
Growth of Sports Clubs and Advancing Rational Recreation
Growth of American Team Sport and Competition
Rise of Intercollegiate Sport
The Civil War and Sporting Experiences
Chapter 5. New Identities and Expanding Modes of Sport in the Gilded Age, 1870–1890
Sport and Social Stratification
Maintaining Ethnic Forms of Leisure
Development of an Intercollegiate Sporting Culture
Male Sporting Culture
Business of Sport
Gendered Sport, Class, and Social Roles
Regulation of Sport: Amateurism Versus Professionalism
Chapter 6. American Sport and Social Change During the Early Progressive Era, 1890–1900
Social Reformers of the Progressive Era
Play and Games in American Ideology
Sport and Technology
Modern Olympic Games
Chapter 7. Sport as Symbol: Acculturation and Imperialism, 1900–1920
Sport, Ethnicity, and the Quest for Social Mobility
Assimilation of Disparate Groups in American Society
Challenging Gender Boundaries
Resistance to Social Reform
Sport and Colonialism
Sport During World War I
Chapter 8. Sport, Heroic Athletes, and Popular Culture, 1920–1950
War, Depression, and the Shaping of America
Social Change and the Spread of Sport
Heroes in the Golden Age
Media and the Commercialization of Sport
Chapter 9. Sport as TV Spectacle, Big Business, and Political Site, 1950–1980
Sport in the Cold War
Evolution of the Sport–Media Relationship
Incorporation of Alternative Heroes
Professional Sport and Labor Relations
Sport and the Civil Rights Movement
Sport, Narcissism, and the Existential Search for Self
Scientific Advancements and the Growth of Sport
Chapter 10. Globalized Sport, 1980–2000
Corporate Sporting Culture
Drawing Fans to Baseball
Michael Jordan and the Growth of Professional Basketball
Intercollegiate Sport and the NCAA
Women and Sport
Drug and Body Abuse Among Athletes
Violence in Sport
Discrimination at the End of the Twentieth Century
Individuality and Sport Icons
Chapter 11. Sport in the Age of Technology, 2000–2015
Business of Professional Sports Teams
Intercollegiate Sport and Conference Changes
Title IX and Sport Leadership
Women’s Professional Teams and Endorsements
Modern Olympic Challenges and Stars
Traumatic Brain Injury
X Games and Alternative Sports
Rise of the Runner
The Future of Sport
About the Authors
Gerald R. Gems, PhD, is a professor in the kinesiology department at North Central College in Naperville, Illinois. Gems serves on the Executive Council and Scientific Committee of the International Society for the History of Physical Education and Sport and is a past president of the North American Society for Sport History. He presented the 2016 Routledge Keynote where he received the Routledge Prize in Sport History.
Dr. Gems is an international scholar and the author of more than 200 publications, including 18 books. He was president of the North American Society for Sport History (NASSH) from 2003 to 2005 as well as the book review editor of the Journal of Sport History for more than two decades. He also received the Fulbright Senior Specialist Award for 2007 to 2012 and was an Illinois Roads Scholar in history from 1999 to 2003.
Dr. Gems earned his PhD in sport history at the University of Maryland. In addition to his role at North Central College, Dr. Gems serves as the vice president for the International Society for the History of Physical Education and Sport (ISHPES).
Linda J. Borish, PhD, an associate professor of history and gender and women’s studies at Western Michigan University and is jointly appointed in the departments of history and gender and women’s studies. Dr. Borish has focused her research on American women’s sport and health history. Her research has appeared in both national and international publications. She is lead editor for The Routledge History of American Sport (Routledge, 2016), and was selected in 2001-2002 as the International Ambassador for the North American Society for Sport History and also served on its Executive Council and Publications Board. She is executive producer and historian of the documentary film Jewish Women in American Sport: Settlement Houses to the Olympics and has received numerous research grants related to American women and sport history in rural and urban contexts. Borish was the book review coeditor of the Journal of Sport History from 1996 to 2000.
Dr. Borish earned her PhD in American studies from the University of Maryland at College Park. In addition to her role at Western Michigan University, Borish is a research associate at the Hadassah-Brandeis Institute, Brandeis University.
Gertrud Pfister, PhD, is a professor at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark. She has earned PhDs in sport history and sociology at the University of Regensburg and the Ruhr-University Bochum. She was president of the International Sport Sociology Society from 2001 to 2007. Pfister was also president of the International Society for the History of Sport and Physical Education from 1993 to 2000 and won the association’s award for lifelong achievements in the area of sport history in 2005.
She won the Darlene Kluka Award of the Women`s Sport Foundation in 2006, the Award of the European Working Group Women in Sport in 2009, the Dorothy Ainsworth Research Award of the International Association of Physical Education and Sport for Girls and Women (IAPESGW), and the Els Schröder Award of the German Gymnastic Association (DTB) for research on women and sport 2013.
Pfister earned honorary doctorates at the Semmelweis University in Budapest 2007 and at the University of Malmö in 2013.
She received the Order of the Dannebrog, as a knight 1. Class, from the Danish queen in 2015 and the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 1. Class, in 2016.
Pfister is a fellow of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education and the European College of Sport Science.