# Optics for Engineers

## DiMazio, C.

Recíbelo en un plazo De 2 a 3 semanas

### ISBN-13: 9781439807255

### CRC PRESS

Septiembre / 2011

1ª Edición

Inglés

558 pags

1600 gr

19 x 26 x 3 cm

### Description

The field of optics has become central to major developments in medical imaging, remote sensing, communication, micro- and nanofabrication, and consumer technology, among other areas. Applications of optics are now found in products such as laser printers, bar-code scanners, and even mobile phones. There is a growing need for engineers to understand the principles of optics in order to develop new instruments and improve existing optical instrumentation. Based on a graduate course taught at Northeastern University, Optics for Engineers provides a rigorous, practical introduction to the field of optics. Drawing on his experience in industry, the author presents the fundamentals of optics related to the problems encountered by engineers and researchers in designing and analyzing optical systems.

Beginning with a history of optics, the book introduces Maxwell’s equations, the wave equation, and the eikonal equation, which form the mathematical basis of the field of optics. It then leads readers through a discussion of geometric optics that is essential to most optics projects. The book also lays out the fundamentals of physical optics—polarization, interference, and diffraction—in sufficient depth to enable readers to solve many realistic problems. It continues the discussion of diffraction with some closed-form expressions for the important case of Gaussian beams. A chapter on coherence guides readers in understanding the applicability of the results in previous chapters and sets the stage for an exploration of Fourier optics. Addressing the importance of the measurement and quantification of light in determining the performance limits of optical systems, the book then covers radiometry, photometry, and optical detection. It also introduces nonlinear optics.

This comprehensive reference includes downloadable MATLAB® code as well as numerous problems, examples, and illustrations. An introductory text for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, it is also a useful resource for researchers and engineers developing optical systems.

### Features

- Provides a rigorous but practical treatment that facilitates critical understanding of how the basic principles of optics affect design decisions
- Covers radiometry and photometry, which are essential to determine the feasibility of a particular optical system
- Contains a chapter on nonlinear optics, with emphasis on new application areas in microscopy, including second-harmonic and multiphoton fluorescence microscopy
- Incorporates extensive end-of-chapter problems, examples, and appendices to help readers solve real-world problems
- Offers downloadable MATLAB code for solving typical optics problems, available from crcpress.com
- Highlights the most important and frequently used equations
- Includes color figures and more than 500 illustrations

### Reviews

This book is an excellent resource for teaching any student or scientist who needs to use optical systems. I particularly like the addition of MATLAB scripts and functions. Highly recommended.

*—Professor James C. Wyant, Dean of College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona*

His book is clear, concise and highly readable. This is an excellent text.

*—Professor Changhuei Yang, California Institute of Technology*

At last, a book on optics that is written with the practising engineer in mind. I have been teaching optics to engineers for many years and have often longed for a text aimed at my students … covers all the important issues from basic theory through lasers and photodetectors to the vital topic of radiometry and measurement.

*—Professor John Watson, Chair of Electrical Engineering and Optical Engineering, University of Aberdeen*

### Table of Contents

**Introduction**- Why Optics?
- History
- Optical Engineering
- Electromagnetics Background
- Wavelength, Frequency, Power, and Photons
- Energy Levels and Transitions
- Macroscopic Effects
- Basic Concepts of Imaging
- Overview of the Book
- Problems

**Basic Geometric Optics**- Snell’s Law
- Imaging with a Single Interface
- Reflection
- Refraction
- Simple Lens
- Prisms
- Reflective Systems
- Problems

**Matrix Optics**- Matrix Optics Concepts
- Interpreting the Results
- The Thick Lens Again
- Examples
- Problems

**Stops, Pupils, and Windows**- Aperture Stop
- Field Stop
- Image-Space Example
- Locating and Identifying Pupils and Windows
- Examples
- Problems

**Aberrations**- Exact Ray Tracing
- Ellipsoidal Mirror
- Seidel Aberrations and OPL
- Spherical Aberration for a Thin Lens
- Chromatic Aberration
- Design Issues
- Lens Design
- Problems

**Polarized Light**- Fundamentals of Polarized Light
- Behavior of Polarizing Devices
- Interaction with Materials
- Fresnel Reflection and Transmission
- Physics of Polarizing Devices
- Jones Vectors and Matrices
- Partial Polarization
- Problems

**Interference**- Mach–Zehnder Interferometer
- Doppler Laser Radar
- Resolving Ambiguities
- Michelson Interferometer
- Fabry–Perot Interferometer
- Beamsplitter
- Thin Films
- Problems

**Diffraction**- Physics of Diffraction
- Fresnel–Kirchhoff Integral
- Paraxial Approximation
- Fraunhofer Diffraction Equations
- Some Useful Fraunhofer Patterns
- Resolution of an Imaging System
- Diffraction Grating
- Fresnel Diffraction
- Problems

**Gaussian Beams**- Equations for Gaussian Beams
- Gaussian Beam Propagation
- Six Questions
- Gaussian Beam Propagation
- Collins Chart
- Stable Laser Cavity Design
- Hermite–Gaussian Modes
- Problems

**Coherence**- Definitions
- Discrete Frequencies
- Temporal Coherence
- Spatial Coherence
- Controlling Coherence
- Summary
- Problems

**Fourier Optics**- Coherent Imaging
- Incoherent Imaging Systems
- Characterizing an Optical System
- Problems

**Radiometry and Photometry**- Basic Radiometry
- Spectral Radiometry
- Photometry and Colorimetry
- Instrumentation
- Blackbody Radiation
- Problems

**Optical Detection**- Photons
- Photon Statistics
- Detector Noise
- Photon Detectors
- Thermal Detectors
- Array Detectors

**Nonlinear Optics**- Wave Equations
- Phase Matching
- Nonlinear Processes

- Appendix A Notation and Drawings for Geometric Optics
- Appendix B Solid Angle
- Appendix C Matrix Mathematics
- Appendix D Light Propagation in Biological Tissue
- Appendix E Useful Matrices
- Appendix F Numerical Constants and Conversion Factors
- Appendix G Solutions to Chapter Problems
- References
- Index

### Author

**Professor Charles A. DiMarzio** is an associate professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at Northeastern University in Boston, Massachusetts.

He holds a BS in engineering physics from the University of Maine, an MS in physics from Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Massachusetts, and a PhD in electrical and computer engineering from Northeastern University. He spent 14 years at Raytheon Company’s Electro-Optics Systems Laboratory in coherent laser radar for air safety and meteorology. Among other projects there, he worked on an airborne laser radar, flown on the Galileo-II, to monitor airflow related to severe storms, pollution, and wind energy, and another laser radar to characterize the wake vortices of landing aircraft.

At Northeastern, he extended his interest in coherent detection to optical quadrature microscopy—a method of quantitative phase imaging with several applications, most notably assessment of embryo viability. His current interests include coherent imaging, confocal microscopy for dermatology and other applications, multimodal microscopy, spectroscopy and imaging in turbid media, and the interaction of light and sound in tissue. His research ranges from computational models, through system development and testing, to signal processing. He is also a founding member of Gordon-CenSSIS—the Gordon Center for Subsurface Sensing and Imaging Systems.

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