Attosecond optical pulse generation, along with the related process of high-order harmonic generation, is redefining ultrafast physics and chemistry. A practical understanding of attosecond optics requires significant background information and foundational theory to make full use of these cutting-edge lasers and advance the technology toward the next generation of ultrafast lasers. Fundamentals of Attosecond Optics provides the first focused introduction to the field. The author presents the underlying concepts and techniques required to enter the field, as well as recent research advances that are driving the field forward.
A stand-alone textbook for courses on attosecond optics and the interaction of matter with ultrafast, high-power lasers, the book begins with basic theory and gradually advances to more complex ideas. Using both semi-classical models and quantum mechanics theories, the author explains foundational concepts and mechanisms including femtosecond lasers, high-order harmonic generation, and the technological leap that inspired attosecond pulse generation. The book introduces techniques for generating attosecond train using the basis of high-order harmonics, followed by an explanation of gating methods for extracting single isolated pulses.
Chapters examine the connection between attosecond pulses and high harmonic generation, the use of driving lasers as key tools in attosecond generation, the mechanism of chirped pulse amplification, and the generation of few-cycle pulses. The book looks at carrier-envelope phase stabilization and the theoretical foundations for single atom and dipole phase response. It discusses propagation effects, introducing several approaches for improving phase matching; attosecond pulse generation and characterization, covering attosecond pulse train and single isolated pulses; and several examples of experimental applications for attosecond pulses.
- Explains the distinct mechanisms of attosecond pulse generation using femtosecond laser technologies using both semi-classical models and quantum mechanics theories
- Introduces the technique for generating attosecond train because of its connection with high harmonic generation, discussing methods for extracting single isolated pulses and offering illustrative examples of attosecond applications
- Provides a standalone section with real examples of experimental applications of attosecond pulses
- Offers answers to select problems and a table of atomic units and units in laser technology
Dr. Chang’s book is truly amazing: One of the leading researchers of the field finds the time to write a book that covers the most important aspects of attosecond technology and physics. The book starts with a detailed presentation of the generation of attosecond pulses, carries on with the fundamentals of strong-field and attosecond laser physics, and concludes with applications. Having this book available at this early stage of attosecond science is immensely helpful — my students love the book, too.
—Professor Gerhard G. Paulus, Texas A&M University and Max Planck Institute of Optics and Quantum Electronics
An extremely useful textbook … . This book provides not only a basic introduction to the concepts and techniques of attosecond pulse generation, characterization and application, but also a broad overview of the current state-of-the-art including some of the latest advances. Definitely a must-have in any ultrafast optics lab!
—Dr. Pascal Salières, Group Leader, CEA-Saclay
Table of Contents
- The Quest for Attosecond Optical Pulses
- Femtosecond Driving Lasers
- Stabilization of Carrier-Envelope Phase
- Semiclassical Model
- Strong Field Approximation
- Phase Matching
- Attosecond Pulse Trains
- Single Isolated Attosecond Pulses
- Applications of Attosecond Pulses
- Appendix A: Solutions to Selected Problems