Responding to the growing recognition of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) as a major medical condition and the emergence of exciting new therapies, this 2 volume source examines clinical features, characteristics, comorbidities, and impact of OSA on patient biological systems. Not to mention, diagnosis and treatment methods that include first-line and secondary treatments, traditional and emerging diagnostic methods, and an examination of respiratory, medical, and neurologic disorders that affect diagnosis and treatment. Edited by the Director of the Center for Human Sleep Research at Stanford, this source supplies an all-encompassing guide to the comorbid medical conditions and socioeconomic impact of OSA.Table of Contents
History and Physical Examination. Screening and Case Finding. PSG and Cardiorespiratory Monitoring. Upper Airway Imaging. Alertness and Sleepiness Assessment. CPAP. Bilevel Pressure and Adaptive Servo-Ventilation for Obstructive and Complex Sleep Apnea. Auto- Positive Airway Pressure. Critical Factors in Positive Pressure Therapy. Noninvasive Positive Ventilation. Upper Airway Surgery in the Adult. Oral Appliances. Adjunctive and Alternative Therapies. Gender Differences. Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children. Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Elderly. Medication Effects. Snoring and Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS). Central Sleep Apnea. Other Respiratory Conditions and Disorders. Other Sleep Disorders.
Neurologic Disorders. Medical Disorders. Legal Implications of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. A Concluding Note and Future Directions
FEATURES, FACTORS, AND CHARACTERISTICS. History. Epidemiology.
Ontogeny. Phylogeny and Animal Models. Upper Airway Anatomy. Physiology and Dynamics of the Upper Airway. Upper Airway Pathology. Control of Breathing in Sleep. Arousal From Sleep. Pathogenesis. Risk Factors. Familial and Genetic Factors. The Spectrum of Sleep-Disordered Breathing. ASSOCIATIONS AND CONSEQUENCES. Morbidity and Mortality. Central and Autonomic Nervous System. Cardiac Arrhythmias and Congestive Heart Failure. Hypertension and the Cardiovascular System. Endocrine Function and Glucose Metabolism. Obesity. Mood and Behavior. Sleepiness. Health-Related Quality of Life. Driving Risk and Accidents. Economic and Societal Impact