List of Contributors
Chapter 1. Definitions, Principles, and Concepts for Minority Health and Health Disparities Research
Chapter 2. Getting Under the Skin: Pathways and Processes that Link Social and Biological Determinants of Disease
Chapter 3. Racial/Ethnic, Socioeconomic, and Other Social Determinants
Chapter 4. Behavioral Determinants in Population Health and Health Disparities Research
Chapter 5. Sociocultural Environments and Health Disparities Research: Frameworks, Methods and Promising Directions
Chapter 6. Physical Environment, and Minority Health and Health Disparities Research
Chapter 7. Genome-wide Genetic Approaches to Metabolic and Inflammatory Health Disparities
Chapter 8. Biologic Factors and Molecular Determinants in Inflammatory and Metabolic Diseases
Chapter 9. Insights into the Genomic Landscape of African Ancestry Populations: Implications for Health and Disease Disparities
Chapter 10. Applying Self-report Measures in Minority Health and Health Disparities Research
Chapter 11. Conducting Community-Based Participatory Research with Minority Communities to Reduce Health Disparities
Chapter 12. Racial/Ethnic Health and Healthcare Disparities Measurement: The Application of the Principles and Methods of Causal Inference
Chapter 13. Small Area Estimation and Small Area Analysis for Minority Health and Health Disparities
Chapter 14. Applications of Big Data Science and Analytic Techniques for Health Disparities Research
Chapter 15. Complex Systems Science
Chapter 16. Improving Equity in Health Care through Multilevel Interventions
Chapter 17. Using Implementation Science to Move from Knowledge of Disparities to Achievement of Equity
Chapter 18. Health Care and Public Policy (HCPP): Challenges and Opportunities for Research
Chapter 19. Addressing Disparities in Access to High Quality Care
Chapter 20. Health Communication as a Mediator of Health and Healthcare Disparities
Chapter 21. Comparative Effectiveness Research in Health Disparity Populations
Chapter 22. The Role of Electronic Health Records and Health Information Technology in Addressing Health Disparities
Chapter 23. Precision Medicine and Health Disparities
Chapter 24. Recruitment, Inclusion, and Diversity in Clinical Trials
Chapter 25. Sexual and Gender Minority Health Disparities: Concepts, Methods, and Future Directions
Chapter 26. Workforce Diversity and Capacity Building to Address Health Disparities
Integrates the various disciplines of the science of health disparities in one comprehensive volume
The Science of Health Disparities Research is an indispensable source of up-to-date information on clinical and translational health disparities science. Building upon the advances in health disparities research over the past decade, this authoritative volume informs policies and practices addressing the diseases, disorders, and gaps in health outcomes that are more prevalent in minority populations and socially disadvantaged communities. Contributions by recognized scholars and leaders in the field—featuring contemporary research, conceptual models, and a broad range of scientific perspectives—provide an interdisciplinary approach to reducing inequalities in population health, encouraging community engagement in the research process, and promoting social justice.
In-depth chapters help readers better understand the specifics of minority health and health disparities while demonstrating the importance of advancing theory, refining measurement, improving investigative methods, and diversifying scientific research. In 26 chapters, the book examines topics including the etiology of health disparities research, the determinants of population health, research ethics, and research in African American, Asians, Latino, American Indian, and other vulnerable populations. Providing a unified framework on the principles and applications of the science of health disparities research, this important volume:
- Defines the field of health disparities science and suggests new directions in scholarship and research
- Explains basic definitions, principles, and concepts for identifying, understanding and addressing health disparities
- Provides guidance on both conducting health disparities research and translating the results
- Examines how social, historical and contemporary injustices may influence the health of racial and ethnic minorities
- Illustrates the increasing national and global importance of addressing health disparities
- Discusses population health training, capacity-building, and the transdisciplinary tools needed to advance health equity
A significant contribution to the field, The Science of Health Disparities Research is an essential resource for students and basic and clinical researchers in genetics, population genetics, and public health, health care policymakers, and epidemiologists, medical students, and clinicians, particularly those working with minority, vulnerable, or underserved populations.
Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable, MD, Director, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.
Irene Dankwa-Mullan, MD, MPH, Chief Health Equity Officer at IBM Watson Health and formerly Deputy Director, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.
Kevin Gardner, MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University and formerly Acting Scientific Director, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.
Xinzhi Zhang, MD, PhD, FACE, FRSM, Program Director, Division of Clinical Innovation, National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences and formerly Program Director, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.
Adelaida M. Rosario, PhD, Office of the Surgeon General, United States Public Health Service and formerly Program Officer, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health.