Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis offers an image-based reference for performing canine and feline urinalyses, with hundreds of full-color images depicting techniques, physical characteristics, urine chemistry, and microscopic characteristics of urine sediment in dogs and cats.
- Presents hundreds of full-color images for reference and picture-matching while using urinalysis as a diagnostic tool
- Provides a complete guide to properly performing a urinalysis exam in the veterinary practice
- Emphasizes collection techniques, physical assessment, urine chemistry, and the microscopic sediment exam
- Covers casts, crystals, cells, organisms, and artefacts
- Offers a practical, visual resource for incorporating urinalysis into the clinic
Table of Contents
Section 1: Sample Collection and Handling 2
Collection of Urine Samples 2
Free Catch Urine Collection 2
Transurethral Catheterization 3
Urine Sample Handlin g 7
Section II: Urine: Physical Characteristics 10
Urine Specific Gravity 11
Section III Urine Chemistry 13
Urine pH 13
Section IV Urine Sediment 26
Preparation for Microscopic Examination 26
Hyaline Casts 27
Cellular Casts 28
Granular Casts 30
Waxy Casts 31
Fatty Casts 32
Hemoglobin Casts 32
Mixed Casts 33
Psuedo Casts 33
Crystals associated with urolith formation34
Struvite/Triple Phosphate Crystals 34
Calcium oxalate dihydrate 35
Calcium oxalate monohydrate 36
Calcium Phosphate 37
Urate/Ammonium Biurate 37
Uric Acid 38
Amorphous (Phosphate, Urate, Silicates) 40
Crystals not typically associated with urolith formation41
Tyrosine and leucine 41
Drug Induced 43
Radiopaque Contrast Agents 44
Transitional Epithelial Cells 45
Squamous Epithelial Cells 46
Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells 47
Atypical (Neoplastic) Cells 50
Fungal Hyphae 53
Dioctophyma renale Ova 54
Capillaria (Pearsonema) plica and Capillaria felis cati Ova 55
Miscellaneous Findings and Artifacts 56
Fungal spores 57
Lipid Droplets 58
Air Bubbles 59
Starch Granules (Glove Powder) 60
Theresa E. Rizzi, DVM, DACVP (Clinical Pathology), is a Clinical Associate Professor in the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology at Oklahoma State University, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, in Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.
Amy Valenciano, DVM, MS, DACVP (Clinical Pathology), is a Clinical Pathologist at IDEXX Laboratories in Dallas, Texas, USA.
Mary Bowles, DVM, DACVIM, is an emeritus Associate Professor and former Small Animal Medicine Section Chief in the Department of Clinical Sciences at Oklahoma State University, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences in Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.
Rick Cowell, DVM, MS, MRCVS, DACVP (Clinical Pathology), is a Clinical Pathologist at IDEXX Laboratories Inc. in Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA.
Ronald Tyler, DVM, PhD, DACVP (Clinical Pathology and Anatomic Pathology), DABT, is consulting pathologist and toxicologist to U.S., European, and Chinese pharmaceutical companies, contract laboratories, and regulatory agencies with adjunct appointments in the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology at Oklahoma State University, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, in Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA and Department of Pathology, Madras Veterinary College, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University in Chennai, India.
Dennis B. DeNicola, DVM, PhD, DACVP (Clinical Pathology), is Chief Veterinary Educator at IDEXX Laboratories in Westbrook, Maine, USA.