Events on local, national, and international levels have highlighted the need for joint investigation and collaboration between public health and law enforcement. Domestic violence and partner homicide, intentional infection of individuals with HIV, and the anthrax attacks of 2001 are examples that underscore the need for forensic epidemiology in the investigation of criminal acts.
Forensic Epidemiology focuses specifically on the integration of the principles and methods of epidemiology with law enforcement functions in the administrative and criminal contexts. Ideal for students and professionals in public health, criminology, and law, this book challenges the reader to examine various policy questions and to contemplate their own values as scientists, legislators, policymakers, and individuals.
- Provides the reader with an overview of public health, administrative, and criminal law as well as the foundational concepts in the use of evidence in administrative and criminal proceedings.
- Case studies that examine the intersecting issues in the areas of communicable disease, mental health and substance use, partner violence, biological terrorism, and environmental concerns such as environmental tobacco smoke and exposure to television violence.
- Concludes with a look towards the future and suggestions for the training of professionals.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Epidemiology and Law
Epidemiology in the Legal Context
The US Legal System
Chapter 2 Epidemiology and Administrative Law
Oversight of Agency Activities and Administrative Action
Epidemiology and Agency Action
Chapter 3 Epidemiology and Criminal Law
Establishing Causation in Criminal Law.
The Criminal Process
The Epidemiologist as Sleuth: Investigating Murder
Issues in the Use of Epidemiological Evidence in the Criminal Context
Chapter 4 Epidemiology and Public Health Law
Searches and Inspections
The Embargo, Seizure, and Destruction of Articles
Remedies Available to the Public Health Agency
Chapter 5 Law, Epidemiology, and Communicable Disease
Case Study 1: Criminal Prosecutions for HIV Exposure
Case Study 2: Quarantine
Chapter 6 Law, Epidemiology, and Mental Health
Case Study 1: Maternal Substance Use During Pregnancy
Case Study 2:The Medical Examination of Aliens and the Exclusion Provisions
Chapter 7 Epidemiology, Terrorism, and Violence
Case Study 1: Partner Violence, Epidemiology, and the Law
Case Study 2: Biological Terrorism, Law Enforcement, and the Epidemiologist
Chapter 8 Environmental Concerns
Case Study 1: Regulating Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Case Study 2: Television,Violence, and Aggression
Chapter 9 Looking Toward the Future
New Approaches to Training