# An Introduction to Quantum Optics: Photon and Biophoton Physics

## Shih, Y.

Recíbelo en un plazo De 2 a 3 semanas

### ISBN-13: 9780750308878

### CRC PRESS

Marzo / 2011

1ª Edición

Inglés

484 pags

1700 gr

x x cm

### Description

Authored by a highly regarded international researcher and pioneer in the field, An Introduction to Quantum Optics: Photon and Biphoton Physics is a straightforward overview of basic principles and experimental evidence for the quantum theory of light. This book introduces and analyzes some of the most exciting experimental research to date in the field of quantum optics and quantum information, helping readers understand the revolutionary changes occurring in optical science.

Paints a picture of light in terms of general quantum interference, to reflect the physical truth behind all optical observations

Unlike most traditional books on the subject, this one introduces fundamental classical and quantum concepts and measurement techniques naturally and gradually as it explores the process of analyzing typical experimental observations. Separating itself from other books with this uncommon focus on the experimental part of analysis, this volume:

- Provides a general overview of the optical coherence of light without quantization
- Introduces concepts and tools of field quantization and quantum optics based on the principles and rules of quantum mechanics
- Analyzes similarities and differences between classical and quantum coherence
- Concentrates on key research topics in quantum optics
- Explains photon and biphoton physics by examining the devices and experimental procedures used to test theories

This book is basic enough for students, but it also covers a broad range of higher-level concepts that will benefit scientists and other professionals seeking to enhance their understanding of practical and theoretical aspects and new experimental methods of measurement. This material summarizes exciting developments and observations and then helps readers of all levels apply presented concepts and tools to summarize, analyze, and resolve quantum optical problems in their own work. It is a great aid to improve methods of discovering new physics and better understand and apply nontraditional concepts and interpretations in both new and historical experimental discoveries.

### Features

- Introduces the theory, ideas, and experimental techniques of quantum optics
- Emphasizes applications in quantum information and quantum computing
- Covers the quantum theory of light, basic theory of modern quantum optics, and measurement techniques
- Develops the quantum theory of photons, biphotons, quantum coherence, and nonlocality
- Includes sample problems and exercises

### Table of Contents

**Electromagnetic Wave Theory and Measurement of Light**- Electromagnetic Wave Theory of Light
- Classical Superposition
- Measurement of Light
- Intensity of Light: Expectation and Fluctuation
- Measurement of Intensity: Ensemble Average and Time Average

**Coherence Property of Light—The State of the Radiation**- Coherence Property of Light
- Temporal Coherence
- Spatial Coherence

**Diffraction and Propagation**- Diffraction
- Field Propagation

**Optical Imaging**- A Classic Imaging System
- Fourier Transform via a Lens

**First-Order Coherence of Light**- First-Order Temporal Coherence
- First-Order Spatial Coherence

**Second-Order Coherence of Light**- Second-Order Coherence of Coherent Light
- Second-Order Correlation of Chaotic-Thermal Radiation and the HBT Interferometer
- The Physical Cause of the HBT Phenomenon
- Near-Field Second-Order Spatial Coherence of Thermal Light
- Nth-Order Coherence of Light
- Nth-Order Near-Field Spatial Coherence of Thermal Light

**Homodyne Detection and Heterodyne Detection of Light**- Optical Homodyne and Heterodyne Detection
- Balanced Homodyne and Heterodyne Detection
- Balanced Homodyne Detection of Independent and Coupled Thermal Fields

**Quantum Theory of Light: Field Quantization and Measurement**- The Experimental Foundation—Part I: Blackbody Radiation
- The Experimental Foundation—Part II: Photoelectric Effect
- The Light Quantum and the Field Quantization
- Photon Number State of Radiation Field
- Coherent State of Radiation Field
- Density Operator and Density Matrix
- Composite System and Two-Photon State of Radiation Field
- A Simple Model of Incoherent and Coherent Radiation Source
- Pure State and Mixed State
- Product State, Entangled State, and Mixed State of Photon Pairs
- Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory
- Measurement of Light: Photon Counting
- Measurement of Light: Joint Detection of Photons
- Field Propagation in Space-Time

**Quantum Theory of Optical Coherence**- Quantum Degree of First-Order Coherence
- Photon and Effective Wavefunction
- Measurement of the First-Order Coherence or Correlation
- Quantum Degree of Second-Order Coherence
- Two-Photon Interference vs. Statistical Correlation of Intensity Fluctuations
- Second-Order Spatial Correlation of Thermal Light
- Photon Counting and Measurement of G(2)

**Quantum Entanglement**- EPR Experiment and EPR State
- Product State, Entangled State, and Classically Correlated State
- Entangled States in Spin Variables
- Entangled Biphoton State
- EPR Correlation of Entangled Biphoton System
- Subsystem in an Entangled Two-Photon State
- Biphoton in Dispersive Media

**Quantum Imaging**- Biphoton Imaging
- Ghost Imaging
- Ghost Imaging and Uncertainty Relation
- Thermal Light Ghost Imaging
- Classical Simulation of Ghost Imaging
- Turbulence-Free Ghost Imaging

**Two-Photon Interferometry−I: Biphoton Interference**- Is Two-Photon Interference the Interference of Two Photons?
- Two-Photon Interference with Orthogonal Polarization
- Franson Interferometer
- Two-Photon Ghost Interference
- Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser

**Two-Photon Interferometry−II: Quantum Interference of Chaotic Light**- Two-Photon Young’s Interference
- Two-Photon Anticorrelation with Incoherent Chaotic Light
- Two-Photon Interference with Incoherent Orthogonal Polarized Chaotic Light

**Bell’s Theorem and Bell’s Inequality Measurement**- Hidden Variable Theory and Quantum Calculation for the Measurement of Spin 1/2 Bohm State
- Bell’s Theorem and Bell’s Inequality
- Bell States
- Bell State Preparation

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