Through Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation, students will be able to achieve these objectives:
- Gain a 21st-century vision of the profession provided by leading thinkers in the field
- Learn the attributes and skills they need in order to thrive in various career paths in the profession
- Interact through the text, technology, and media responses to more thoroughly understand the field and profession
Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation provides readers with a comprehensive introduction to the profession. The book draws on the combined wisdom, experience, and technical expertise of 23 professors and leaders in the field. From these contributors, readers gain access to diverse perceptions, philosophies, and practices for therapeutic recreation in the 21st century.
The book showcases how the profession addresses various clients’ needs throughout the life span through therapeutic programs, modalities, and activities. It also
- presents a wide range of applications, allowing readers to explore their personal and professional options;
- provides insight into the basic knowledge, attributes, and skills students need in order to thrive in the field; and
- delineates career paths in the profession and how a therapeutic recreation specialist works with various populations.
Edited by Dr. Terry Robertson and Dr. Terry Long, Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation has a comprehensive vision. The contributors present the broad scope of therapeutic recreation as research and practice across a diverse demographic of clients and consumers. The contributing authors explore various perspectives on therapeutic recreation and present standards and certification information that prepare students for the profession.
Part I defines therapeutic recreation as a profession and provides an overview of its history and of the professional opportunities available. Part I also explores the profession’s person-first philosophy and outlines the therapeutic recreation process as well as its models and modalities of practice and its allied professions.
Part II delves into trends and issues, looking at demographics, economics, politics, and legislation as they affect the profession. It details international issues and paradoxes and concludes with future perspectives.
Part III examines mechanisms for intervention from a number of perspectives, including orthopedic and neurological impairment, developmental disabilities, mental health, youth development, aging, and wellness.
Foundations of Therapeutic Recreation contains chapter discussion questions to expand students’ learning as well as Outstanding Professionals and Client Portraits sections to help students gain insight into various career paths. The book is accompanied by an instructor guide, PowerPoint presentations, and a test package available via the text’s Web site to support the classroom instruction and enhance learning.
The entire package gives students a solid grounding in the profession as it is today and a clear understanding of where the profession is headed tomorrow.
About the Author
Terry Robertson, PhD, is an associate professor and department chair in the department of health, physical education, recreation, and dance at Northwest Missouri State University. He has worked in therapeutic recreation for over 30 years as a practitioner, consultant, and educator.
Dr. Robertson is a past president of the National Therapeutic Recreation Society, the regional independent living center, the Missouri Therapeutic Recreation Society, and the Nevada Therapeutic Recreation Society. He also served on the Utah Therapeutic Recreation Licensure for 6 years and was the director of CEUs for the Midwest Symposium on Therapeutic Recreation for over 20 years. Dr. Robertson is currently serving a 4-year, publicly elected term on his county’s health board and has served on numerous other boards and in other leadership capacities for related organizations. He is currently serving locally on his county’s organization for group homes. Dr. Robertson was also a codeveloper of the Case Histories section of the Therapeutic Recreation Journal. Currently known as Practice Perspectives, this section helps the profession examine individual and group interventions and contributes information on best practices, interventions, and treatment concerns to research literature.
Terry Long, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of health, physical education, recreation, and dance at Northwest Missouri State University, where he has coordinated the therapeutic recreation curriculum since 2000. He is also the director of the HPERD Abilities Laboratory. His specialty is applications of therapeutic recreation in the mental health realm, particularly in the area of behavior disorders. Dr. Long also has a master’s degree in clinical psychology and worked with various mental health agencies and facilities over the past 10 years in both clinical and outdoor settings.
Dr. Long is an associate editor for Therapeutic Recreation Journal and an associate editor for SCHOLE. He is past president of the Missouri Therapeutic Recreation Society, at-large director for the National Therapeutic Recreation Society Board of Directors (2006-2008 term), and the board president for the independent living center serving the Northwest Region of Missouri. He is past president of the Missouri Park and Recreation Association Educators Section.
Table of Contents
Part I. Introduction to Therapeutic Recreation
Chapter 1. Considering Therapeutic Recreation as Your Profession
Terry Robertson, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University, and Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
What Is Therapeutic Recreation?
A Diverse Profession
Choosing a Profession
Chapter 2. History of Therapeutic Recreation
Rodney Dieser, PhD, University of Northern Iowa
Importance of History
Origins of the Therapeutic Recreation Profession (Late 1700s—Mid-1900s)
Philosophical Battles in Therapeutic Recreation (1945—1965)
The Utopian Years of Therapeutic Recreation (1966—1984)
The Fragmentation Years of Therapeutic Recreation (1985—Present)
Chapter 3. Professional Opportunities in Therapeutic Recreation
Michal Anne Lord, PhD, Texas Parks and Recreation Society
Characteristics of a Profession
Professional Preparation in Therapeutic Recreation
Chapter 4. Person-First Philosophy in Therapeutic Recreation
Mary Ann Devine, EdD, CTRS, Kent State University
Who Is the Person With a Disability?
Using Person-First Philosophy
Attitudes Toward People With Disabilities
Chapter 5. Places, Models, and Modalities of Practice
Richard Williams, EdD, CTRS, East Carolina University
Therapeutic Recreation Treatment Modalities
Part II. Potential Areas of Practice
Chapter 6. The Therapeutic Recreation Process
Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
Chapter 7. Allied Professions
Frederick P. Green, PhD, University of Southern Mississippi, and Tanya E. McAdory, M.S., CTRS, CPRP, National Recreation and Park Association
Child Life Specialist
Speech–Language Pathology and Audiology
Chapter 8. Orthopedic and Neurological Impairment: From Rehabilitation to Community
Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University and Terry Robertson, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
Common Diagnostic Groups in Rehabilitation
Common Therapeutic Recreation Modalities in Rehabilitation
Best Practice Issues
Chapter 9. Therapeutic Recreation and Developmental Disabilities
Alice Foose, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University and Patricia Ardovino, PhD, CTRS, CPRP, University of Wisconsin at La Crosse
What Are Developmental Disabilities?
Autism and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD)
Duchene Muscular Dystrophy
Other Developmental Disabilities
Chapter 10. Therapeutic Recreation and Mental Health
Terry Long, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
Components of a Healthy Mind
What Is a Mental Disorder?
Role of Therapeutic Recreation in Treating Mental Disorders
Levels of Care in Mental Health
Mental Health and Secondary Disabilities
Common Therapeutic Recreation Modalities for Mental Health
Chapter 11. Youth Development and Therapeutic Recreation
Sydney L. Sklar, PhD, CTRS, University of St. Francis, and Cari E. Autry, PhD, CTRS, Arizona State University
Purpose of Therapeutic Recreation in Positive Youth Development
Theories That Guide Therapeutic Recreation Practice
Scope of Therapeutic Recreation Practice
Settings and Opportunities for Therapeutic Recreation
Issues and Trends in Youth Development and Therapeutic Recreation
Chapter 12. Aging and the Life Span
Judith E. Voelkl, PhD, CTRS, Clemson University, and Begum Aybar-Damali, MS, Clemson University
Whom Do We Work With?
Theories of Successful Aging
Where Might We Work?
Long-Term Care Strategies
Part III. Trends in Therapeutic Recreation
Chapter 13. Wellness Through Physical Activity
Sheila Swann-Guerrero, CTRS, National Center on Physical Activity and Disability, and Chris Mackey, BS., CP, North Carolina Office on Disability and Health FPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Whom Do We Work With?
Where Are Such Programs Provided?
Defining Physical Activity
Disability and Inactivity
Considerations for Using Physical Activity in Therapeutic Recreation
Basics of Exercise and Disability
Components of Exercise
Chapter 14. Demographics, Economics, Politics, and Legislation
John McGovern, JD, CTRS, Northern Suburban Special Recreation Association, Northbrook, Illinois
It’s All About Relationships!
Demographics of Disability
Economics of Disability and Therapeutic Recreation
Politics and Therapeutic Recreation
The Legislative Process and Therapeutic Recreation
Current Legislation and Therapeutic Recreation
Chapter 15. A Global Perspective of Therapeutic Recreation
David Howard, PhD, CTRS, Indiana State University, Rodney Dieser, PhD, University of Northern Iowa, Heewon Yang, PhD, CTRS, Southern Illinois University, Shane Pegg, PhD, Senior Lecturer, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, and Julie Lammel, PhD, Lock Haven University
WHO, the ICF, and Implications for Therapeutic Recreation
Considering Therapeutic Recreation in Other Nations
Therapeutic Recreation in Canada
Therapeutic Recreation in South Korea
Therapeutic Recreation in Australia
Working as a CTRS in Switzerland
Chapter 16. Paradoxes in Leisure Services and Therapeutic Recreation
Jesse Dixon, PhD, San Diego State University
The Paradox of Confusing Leisure or Recreation With Achievement Behavior
The Paradox of Applying the Terms Leisure and Recreation With People Who Demonstrate an Inequity
The Paradox of Playful Assimilation Behavior and Adult Accommodation Behavior
The Paradox of Similar Motivations in the Context of Leisure and the Context of Achievement
The Paradox of Promoting the Quality of Leisure and Serving the Bottom Line of a Budget
The Paradox of Choice for Leisure and Achievement
The Paradox of Leisure as a Zero-Order Behavior
Chapter 17. Envisioning the Future: Therapeutic Recreation as a Profession
Terry Robertson, PhD, Northwest Missouri State University
Embracing Our History
Emergence of a Global Society
The Future of Therapeutic Recreation as a Profession
Finding the Optimal Perspective
Appendix A National Therapeutic Recreation Society Standards of Practice
Appendix B American Therapeutic Recreation Association Standards of Practice
About the Editors
About the Contributors
Text for an introductory course for therapeutic recreation majors and minors.