As DNA forensic profiling and databasing become established as key technologies in the toolbox of the forensic sciences, their expanding use raises important issues that promise to touch everyone's lives. In an authoritative global investigation of a diverse range of countries, including those at the forefront of these technologies' development and use, this book identifies and provides critical reflection upon the many issues of privacy; distributive justice; DNA information system ownership; biosurveillance; function creep; the reliability of collection, storage and analysis of DNA profiles; the possibility of transferring medical DNA information to forensics databases; and democratic involvement and transparency in governance, an emergent key theme. This book is timely and significant in providing the essential background and discussion of the ethical, legal and societal dimensions for academics, practitioners, public interest and criminal justice organisations, and students of the life sciences, law, politics, and sociology.
• Reflects the interdisciplinary nature of the subject with contributions from experts in wide-ranging fields, including law, politics, and science and technology studies • Case studies from around the world show how governance issues differ across cultures and what common patterns of global genomic governance can be discerned • Discusses the social, ethical and political issues surrounding this field, including human rights and liberties, highlighting unsolved governance issues while demonstrating the potential contribution of DNA technologies
List of contributors; About the contributors; Foreword Sheila Jasanoff; Acknowledgments; 1. Introducing Genetic Suspects Richard Hindmarsh and Barbara Prainsack; Part I. Key Areas in DNA Profiling and Databasing: 2. Key issues in DNA profiling and databasing: implications for governance Barbara Prainsack; 3. Forensic utilization of voluntarily collected DNA samples: law enforcement versus human rights Elazar Zadok, Gali Ben-Or and Gabriela Fisman; 4. Base assumptions? Racial aspects of US DNA forensics Harriet A. Washington; 5. Health and wealth, law and order: banking DNA against disease and crime Richard Tutton and Mairi Levitt; 6. DNA profiling versus fingerprint evidence: more of the same? Simon A. Cole and Michael Lynch; Part II. National Contexts of Forensic DNA Technologies and Key Issues: 7. DNA databases and the forensic imaginary Robin Williams; 8. Partners in crime: on the use of forensic DNA technologies in Austria Barbara Prainsack; 9. Inquisitorial forensic DNA profiling in the Netherlands and the expansion of the forensic genetic body Victor Toom; 10. DNA - the Nor-way: black boxing the evidence and monopolising the key Johanne Yttri Dahl; 11. Portuguese forensic DNA database: political enthusiasm, public trust and probable issues in future practice Helena Machado and Susana Silva; 12. On trial! Governing forensic DNA technologies in the United States Jay D. Aronson; 13. Biosurveillance and biocivic concerns, from 'truth' to 'trust': the Australian forensic DNA terrain Richard Hindmarsh; 14. Finding the balance: forensic DNA profiling in New Zealand Johanna S. Veth and Gerald Midgley; 15. Forensic DNA profiling and databasing: the Philippines experience Maria Corazon De Ungria and Jose Manguera Jose; 16. Conclusion: beyond borders - trends and challenges in global forensic profiling and databasing Barbara Prainsack and Richard Hindmarsh; Index.
Sheila Jasanoff, Richard Hindmarsh, Barbara Prainsack, Harriet A. Washington, Richard Tutton, Mairi Levitt, Simon A. Cole, Michael Lynch, Robin Williams, Victor Toom, Johanne Yttri Dahl, Helena Machado, Susana Silva, Jay D. Aronson, Johanna S. Veth, Gerald Midgley, Maria Corazon De Ungria, Jose Manguera Jose, Elazar Zadok, Gali Ben-Or, Gabriela Fisman