The second edition of "Comprehensive Biotechnology" continues the tradition of the first inclusive work on this dynamic field by presenting up-to-date and essential entries on the principles and practice of biotechnology. The integration of the latest relevant science and industry practice with fundamental biotechnology concepts is presented with entries from internationally recognized world-leaders in their given fields. With two volumes covering basic fundamentals, and four volumes of applications, from environmental biotechnology and safety to medical biotechnology and healthcare, this work serves the needs of newcomers as well as established experts combining the latest relevant science and industry practice in a manageable format. Six volumes linked and enhanced with electronic components defines the dynamic and multi-displinary nature of biotechnology research, applications, and tools. Revision of one of the most highly praised comprehensives of our time. It is edited by an international board including nobel laureates in medicine, chemistry, and physics.