A look at the seven emotional systems of the brain by the researcher who discovered them.
What makes us happy? What makes us sad? How do we come to feel a sense of enthusiasm? What fills us with lust, anger, fear, or tenderness? Traditional behavioral and cognitive neuroscience have yet to provide satisfactory answers. The Archaeology of Mind presents an affective neuroscience approach—which takes into consideration basic mental processes, brain functions, and emotional behaviors that all mammals share—to locate the neural mechanisms of emotional expression. It reveals—for the first time—the deep neural sources of our values and basic emotional feelings.
This book elaborates on the seven emotional systems that explain how we live and behave. These systems originate in deep areas of the brain that are remarkably similar across all mammalian species. When they are disrupted, we find the origins of emotional disorders:
- SEEKING: how the brain generates a euphoric and expectant response
- FEAR: how the brain responds to the threat of physical danger and death
- RAGE: sources of irritation and fury in the brain
- LUST: how sexual desire and attachments are elaborated in the brain
- CARE: sources of maternal nurturance
- GRIEF: sources of non-sexual attachments
- PLAY: how the brain generates joyous, rough-and-tumble interactions
- SELF: a hypothesis explaining how affects might be elaborated in the brain
The book offers an evidence-based evolutionary taxonomy of emotions and affects and, as such, a brand-new clinical paradigm for treating psychiatric disorders in clinical practice.
1. Ancestral Passions
2. The Evolution of Affective Consciousness: Studying Emotional Feelings in Other Animals
3. The SEEKING System: Brain Sources of Eager Anticipation, Desire, Euphoria, and the Quest for Everything
4. The Ancestral Sources of RAGE
5. The Ancestral Roots of Fear
6. Beyond Instincts: Learning and the Affective Foundations of Memory
7. LUSTful Passions of the Mind From Reproductive Urges to Romantic Love
8. Nurturing Love: The CARE System
9. Born to Cry: The PANIC/GRIEF System and the Genesis of Life-Sustaining Social Bonds
10. PLAYful Dreamlike Circuits of the Brain: The Ancestral Sources of Social Joy and Laughter
11. Toward a Neurobiology of the Soul: The Core-SELF and the Genesis of Primary-Process Feelings
12. Brain Emotional Systems and Affective Qualities of Mental Life: From Animal Affects to Human Psychotherapeutics
13. Philosophical Reflections and Complaints: Can We Go From Mice to Men and Back Again?