Under certain pathological conditions, the pain processing system, which includes both physiological and psychological components, can produce the experience of pain in the absence of any peripheral noxious event. Considerable evidence now indicates that alterations in pain perception are characteristic of many clinical pain states. Pathophysiology of Pain Perception primarily examines these pathological alterations in the pain-signaling system, with contributions from leading researchers in the field focusing on the functioning of the pain processing system under normal and pathological conditions. The understanding of pain perception is essential for optimal diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic pain. This book covers the basics of pain perception (peripheral and central neurotransmission, methods of assessment), various pathological (chronic pain conditions, neurological and psychiatric diseases, cardiovascular disease), and non-pathological alterations of pain perception (pregnancy, labor) as well as the treatments aiming at influencing pain perception such as pharmacological, physical and psychological treatments.
Content Level » Research
Related subjects » Health Psychology & Behavioural Medicine - Neuropsychology
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1: Basic Physiology of Pain Perception; M. Zimmermann. Introduction to Nociception, Acute and Chronic Pain. Animal Studies on Nociception and Pain. The Peripheral Nociceptive System. The Central Pain System. The Physiology of Nociceptive Processing in the CNS. References.
2: Assessment of Pain Perception; L. Arendt-Nielsen, S. Lautenbacher. Introduction. Experimental Methods for Pain Induction. Experimental Methods of Pain Assessment. Summary. References.
3: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Primary Headache: Migraine, Tension-Type and Cluster Headaches; A. Pielsticker, S. Lautenbacher. Description of the Syndromes. Epidemiology. Pain and Functional Impairment. Psychological Antecedents, Cause and Sequels. Muscle Tension and Vascular Reactions. Central Factors. Disturbance of Pain Perception. Cephalic Pain Sensitivity. Extra-Cephalic Pain Sensitivity. Summary. References.
4: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Chronic Back Pain; M. Peters. Description of the Disorder. Disturbances in Pain Perception. References.
5: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Fibromyalgia; E. Kosek, S. Lautenbacher. Description of the Syndrome. Concluding Remarks. References.
6: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Myofascial Pain Syndrome and Other Musculoskeletal Pains; L. Arendt-Nielsen, T. Graven-Nielsen, P. Svensson. Introduction. Definition of MPS. General Characteristics of MPS. Trigger Points in MPS. Referred Pain in Musculoskeletal Pain Conditions. Hyperalgesia in Musculoskeletal Pain Conditions. Summary. References.
7: Disturbances in Pain Perception in Temporomandibular Pain Syndrome; G.B. Rollman, J.M. Gillespie. Introduction. Epidemiology. Classification. Contrasting Concepts. Regional or Widespread Disorder. Response to Non-Noxious Stimuli. Hypervigilance. Experimental Models of TMD. Studies of Neurotransmitters. Respone to Stress. Overview. References.
8: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Irritable Bowel Syndrome; C.R. Covelli, D.D. Price, G.N. Verne. Introduction. Definition and Clinical Presentation. Epidemiology. IBS as a Neurologic Disorder. Animal Models of Persistent Pain State Mechanism. Human Neural Imaging Studies of Persistent Pain Conditions. Somatic Pain Testing in IBS Patients. Serotonin and IBS. Psychological Factors in IBS. Conclusions. References.
9: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Menstrual Cycle-Related Disorders; R.B. Fillingim. Introduction. Pain Perception Across the Menstrual Cycle. Dysmenorrhea. Premenstrual Syndrome. Menstrual Cycle Influences on Other Chronic Pain Disorders. References.
10: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Disorders of the Peripheral Nervous System; K. Schepelman. Diabetic Polyneuropathy. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). Herpes Zoster. Trigeminal Neuralgia. Lumbosacral Radiculopathy. References.
11: Disturbances of Pain Perception in Disorders of the Peripheral and Central Nervous System; D. Bowsher. General Considerations. The Clinical Diagnosis of Neuropathic Pain. Syndromes which may be Accompanied by Neuropathic Pain. References.
12: Pain Perception in Psychiatric Disorders; S. Lautenbacher, J. Spernal. Anxiety. Schizophrenia. Depression. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. Borderline Personality Disorder. References.
13: Alterations in Pain Perception in Cardiovascular Disease; R.B. Fillingim. Introduction. Cardiovascular Variables and Pain Perception. Mechanisms of Blood Pressure-Related Hypoalgesia. Pain Perception in Coronary Artery Disease and Other Cardiac Diseases. References.
14: Perception of Pain during Pregnancy and Labor; E.G. Hapidou. Introduction. Physiological Changes During Pregnancy. Pain and Discomfort in Pregnancy. Physiology of Labor. Labor Pain. Memory for Labor Pain. Factors Affecting Pain during Labor. The Effect of Acupuncture on Pain and Use of Analgesics during Labor. The Role of Endogenous Opioids in Pain Processing during Pregnancy and Labor. Experimental Studies of Pain Perception in Pregnancy and Labor. Conclusion. References.
15: The Importance of Quantitative Sensory Testing in the Clinical Setting; R.B. Fillingim, S. Lautenbacher. Introduction. Applications of QST. Advantages and Disadvantages of QST. Is QST Clinically Relevant. Future Directions for Clinical Applicaions of QST. References.