About this Book
- Author submitting for 2015 Pulitzer.
- April 12, 2015 will be the 70th anniversary of President Franklin Roosevelt's death from a cerebral hemorrhage (stroke). Chapter 7 will generate a lot of interest because I argue that it is likely that Roosevelt would have lost the 1944 election to Thomas Dewey if the public had become aware of the president's hypertensive heart disease. The White House physician lied repeatedly to the press, and the FBI came to Rochester to intimidate individuals at the Mayo Clinic who were talking privately about rumors that the president had "serious heart disease."
- Discusses the Mayo Clinic as the world's oldest and largest multispecialty group practice, and why this institution has been a national leader in health care since the early twentieth century.
- Each chapter is designed to be read separately, as a self-contained study of a specific theme, technology, or cluster of related techniques.
This groundbreaking book weaves together three important themes. It describes
major developments in the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in the twentieth
century, explains how the Mayo Clinic evolved from a family practice in Minnesota
into one of the world's leading medical centers, and reveals how the invention
of new technologies and procedures promoted specialization among physicians
Caring for the Heart is written for general readers as well as health care professionals, historians, and policy analysts. Unlike traditional institutional or disease-focused histories, this book places individuals and events in national and international contexts that emphasize the interplay of medical, scientific, technological, social, political, and economic forces that have resulted in contemporary heart care. Patient stories and media perspectives are included throughout to help general readers understand the medical and technological developments that are described.
The book is a synthetic study, but it is written so that readers may pick and choose the chapters of most interest to them. Another feature of the book is that readers may follow the stories without looking at the notes. Those who are interested in delving deeper into the main topics will find a wealth of carefully chosen references that offer greater detail and additional perspectives. The descriptions and interpretations that fill the book benefit from the fact that the author has been a practicing cardiologist and medical historian for almost four decades.
This is mainly a twentieth-century story, but it begins earlier—before physicians who were identified as cardiologists, a time when medical specialization was just emerging in America. The final chapter, which addresses present-day concerns about health care costs, counterbalances earlier ones that might be read as celebrations of new technologies.
Readership: General readers as well as to health care professionals, historians, social scientists, and policy makers.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables
Foreword by Rosemary A. Stevens
Preface (with Acknowledgements)
Section One: Inventing the Mayo Clinic and Cardiology
Chapter 1 The Nineteenth-Century Origins of the Mayo Practice
Chapter 2 The Mayos' Invention of Multispecialty Group Practice
Chapter 3 The Development of an Academic Medical Center in Rochester
Chapter 4 Patient Care and Clinical Research in the 1920s
Chapter 5 The Electrocardiograph and the Birth of Cardiology
Chapter 6 Challenges and Changes during the Depression
Section Two: Developments in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Heart Disease
Chapter 7 President Roosevelt's Secret Hypertensive Heart Disease
Chapter 8 The Reinvention of the American Heart Association, and the Invention of Cardiac Catheterization
Chapter 9 Surgeons Begin Trying to Treat Heart Disease
Chapter 10 Pioneering Open-Heart Surgery at the University of Minnesota and the Mayo Clinic
Chapter 11 The Expansion of Open-Heart Surgery and Cardiac Catheterization
Chapter 12 Beyond Mid-Century: Two Decades of Growth and Change
Section Three: Technologies Transform Heart Care and Stimulate Subspecialization
Chapter 13 Creating Coronary Care Units and Empowering Nurses
Chapter 14 Coronary Angiography: The Cleveland Clinic Leads the Way
Chapter 15 Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Stimulates the Growth of Angiography
Chapter 16 Transforming Cardiac Catheters into Treatment Tools
Chapter 17 Analyzing and Managing Abnormal Heart Rhythms
Chapter 18 Seeing the Heart: Echocardiography and Other Imaging Technologies
Chapter 19 Treating Heart Failure and Preventing Cardiovascular Disease
Chapter 20 Challenges and Opportunities around the New Millennium
Appendix Alphabetical List of the Subjects of Oral Histories
W Bruce Fye, MD, Mayo Clinic
Emeritus Professor of Medicine and History of Medicine Mayo Clinic College of Medicine Rochester, MN