1. Perennial Questions
2. Can This Be Art?
II. ART AND EMOTION
3. Wordless Sounds: Hearing Emotion in Music
4. Feeling Like Crying: Emotions in the Music Listener
5. Color and Form: Emotional Connotations of Visual Art
6. Emotions in the Art Museum: Why Don't We Feel Like Crying?
7. Drawn to Pain: The Paradoxical Enjoyment of Negative Emotion in Art
III. ART AND JUDGMENT
8. Is It Good-Or Just Familiar?
9. Too Easy to Be Good? The Effort Bias
10. Identical! What's Wrong with a Perfect Fake?
11. "But My Kid Could Have Done That!"
IV. WHAT ART DOES - AND DOES NOT - DO FOR US
12. Silver Bullets: Does Art Make Us Smarter?
13. The Lives of Others: Fiction and Empathy
14. Does Making Art Improve Well-Being?
V. MAKING ART
15. Who Makes Art and Why?
16. How Art Works
- The first book to illuminate art through philosophical and psychological approaches
- Examines explicit philosophical questions about the arts and their surprising answers
- Reveals how social scientists have investigated art and uncovers paths for exploration
There is no end of talk and of wondering about 'art' and 'the arts.' This book examines a number of questions about the arts (broadly defined to include all of the arts). Some of these questions come from philosophy. Examples include:
- What makes something art?
- Can anything be art?
- Do we experience "real" emotions from the arts?
- Why do we seek out and even cherish sorrow and fear from art when we go out of our way to avoid these very emotions in real life?
- How do we decide what is good art? Do aesthetic judgments have any objective truth value?
- Why do we devalue fakes even if we — indeed, even the experts—- can't tell them apart from originals?
- Does fiction enhance our empathy and understanding of others? Is art-making therapeutic?
Others are "common sense" questions that laypersons wonder about. Examples include:
- Does learning to play music raise a child's IQ?
- Is modern art something my kid could do?
- Is talent a matter of nature or nurture?
This book examines puzzles about the arts wherever their provenance - as long as there is empirical research using the methods of social science (interviews, experimentation, data collection, statistical analysis) that can shed light on these questions. The examined research reveals how ordinary people think about these questions, and why they think the way they do - an inquiry referred to as intuitive aesthetics. The book shows how psychological research on the arts has shed light on and often offered surprising answers to such questions.
Ellen Winner is Professor of Psychology at Boston College and Senior Research Associate at Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education. She directs the Arts and Mind Lab, which focuses on cognition in the arts in typical and gifted children as well as adults. She received the Rudolf Arnheim Award for Outstanding Research by a Senior Scholar in Psychology and the Arts from Division 10 in 2000.