Crew (or Cockpit) Resource Management training originated from a NASA workshop in 1979 that focused on improving air safety. The NASA research at that time found the primary cause of the majority of aviation accidents to be human error, and further showed the main problems to be failures of interpersonal communication, leadership, and decision making in the cockpit. By the time of publication of our first editon of CRM, was celebrated as the convergence of a concept, an attitude and a very practical approach to pilot training. Equally important was the convergence and enthusiastic support of the research community, aviation regulators, transport operators and the pilot unions. CRM was maturing, implementing and developing all at the same time.
Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) has gained increased attention from the airline industry in recent years due to the growing number of accidents and near misses in airline traffic. This book, authored by the first generation of CRM experts, is the first comprehensive work on CRM. Cockpit Resource Management is a far-reaching discussion of crew coordination, communication, and resources from both within and without the cockpit. A valuable resource for commercialand military airline training curriculum, the book is also a valuable reference for business professionals who are interested in effective communication among interactive personnel.
Fifteen years later, CRM concepts have endured by not only integrating themselves into the fabric of training, but also expanding the team concept, evolving into new applications, and possibly most important to the original operators, inspiring development and integration of CRM into safety and quality assurance goals at the corporate level. A variety of CRM models have been successfully adapted to different types of industries and organizations, all based on the same basic concepts and principles. It has been adopted by the fire service to help improve situational awareness on the fireground. The new edition of Crew Resource Management continues to focus on CRM in the cockpit, but also emphasizes that the concepts and training applications provide generic guidance and lessons learned for a wide variety of 'crews' in the aviation system as well as in the complex and high-risk operations of many non-aviation settings.
Long considered the ?bible? in this field, much of the basic style and structure of CRM 1e will be retained in the new edition. Textbooks are often heavily supplemented with or replaced entirely by course packs in advanced courses in the aviation field, as it is essential to provide students with cutting edge information from academic researchers, government agencies (FAA), pilot associations, and technology (Boeing, ALION). Our edited textbook will offer ideal coverage with first hand information from each of these perspectives. Case examples, which are particularly important given the dangers inherent in real world aviation scenarios, are liberally supplied. An image collection and testbank will be offered, making us the only text on the market with ancillary support
Material from the first edition remains relevant today and will be fully updated, often by new authors now at the fore of the field. New material - to the tune of an additional 50% - will focuses on the challenges facing aviation specialists today. New topics will include: international and cultural aspects of CRM, design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT), airline applications beyond the cockpit, spaceflight resource management, non-aviation applications, AQP, LOSA and special issues pertaining to low-cost airline carriers.
The second edition editors offer essential breath of experience in aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (academia, government, and private enterprise) and the proposed contributors have all been chosen as experts in their fields who represent the diversity of the research of activities and organisational experience of CRM.
PART I: The Nature of CRM
1 Why CRM? Empirical & Theoretical Bases of Human Factors (Robert Helmreich,
Univ Texas-Austin, USA)
2 Teamwork and Organizational Factors (Frank Tullo, USC, USA)
3 Crews: Their Formation and their Leadership (Robert Ginnett, Impact Leadership Development Group, USA)
4 Communication (Barbara Kanki, NASA, USA)
5 Decision-making (Judith Orasanu, NASA, USA)
6 CRM: Procedures and Practices (Thomas Seamster, Cognitive & Human Factors, USA)
7 Workload Management (TBD)
8 CRM in the Advanced-Technology Cockpit (TBD)
PART II: CRM Training Applications
9 CRM Training Assessment (John Wilhelm, Univ Texas-Austin, USA)
10 Line-Oriented Flight Training as CRM Training (William Hamman, Western Michigan Univ, USA)
11 Line Operational Simulation Development Tools (Florian Jentsch, Univ Central Florida, USA)
12 CRM and AQP (TBD)
13 CRM and LOSA (TBD)
14 CRM: Airline Applications Beyond the Cockpit (Steve Predmore, JetBlue Airways, USA)
15 CRM: Spaceflight Resource Management (David Rogers, Nat'l Center for Atmospheric Research, USA)
16 CRM: Non-Aviation Applications (TBD)
PART III: CRM Perspectives
17 The Regulatory Perspective (Thomas Longridge, Federal Aviation Administration,
18 The Global Perspective (Daniel Maurino, International Civil Aviation Organization, Canada)
19 The Accident Investigator's Perspective (Robert Sumwalt, National Transportation Safety Board, USA)
20 The Research Perspective (Eduardo Salas, Univ Central Florida, USA)
21 Cross-Cultural Perspectives (Neil Johnston, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland)
22 Airline Perspective: Low-Cost Carriers (Joey Anca, Interfleet Technology, Australia)
23 Airline Perspective: Critical Issues US Carriers (Thomas Chidester, NASA, USA)
24 Airline Perspective: non US (Brent Hayward, Australian Aviation Psychology Association, Australia)
PART IV: Conclusions
25 Airline Pilot Training Today and Tomorrow (Linda Orlady, United Airlines,
26 The Future of CRM (Helmreich, Anca & Kanki)