Considered a standard in the ?eld, this text integrates Bioenergetics into every chapter and provides a comprehensive survey of current data and research in exercise physiology. In-depth discussion of all areas of exercise physiology makes this text an invaluable resource for students in exercise science, kinesiology, sports medicine, human biodynamics, and physical education.
· In-depth updates on the regulation of cell energy metabolism, glycemia, free radicals, reactive oxygen species (ROS), oxidative damage, cell signaling and protection, cell respiration, the dangers of chronic anabolic steroid use, classical versus contemporary views of maximal oxygen consumption and endurance performance, how the muscle itself regulates processes that impact on controlling transcription of specific genes and the translation of their product mRNAs into proteins, more studies on muscle atrophy, and must more.
· Nearly 400 illustrations with clear captions such as a schematic overview of cytoskeletal linkages in a striated muscle, relative changes in concentrations of phosphagens and related compounds, the overall synopsis of mitochondrial biogenesis in a muscle cell, and the conceptual view of subunit association of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the presence and absence of AMP.
· Provides the most current coverage such as a discussion of the soon-to-be revised Food Guide Pyramid incorporating the notion that in a healthy adult with the BMI ideal range energy intake needs to be balanced to energy expenditure.
· Revised pedagogy to indicate goals and purposes of each chapter in the introduction will prove helpful to readers' comprehension. The fine tuning of the summary also will be helpful for an overview of major points covered in the chapter.
· Original research by the authors covers topics such as: lactic acid metabolism and the lactate shuttle, the role of the mitochondrial reticulum in metabolism, the crossover concept in utilization of fuel during exercise, physiological and biochemical responses to exercise training at high altitude, the molecular biology of muscular adaptation to training, the use of steroids and other ergogenic aids in altering human performance, and muscle biology and plasticity. the role of exercise in diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of coronary heart disease
· In-depth discussions of how genetic endowment, state of maturation, nutrition, training, and environment affect human performance
· Addresses the latest Institue of Medicine Report on nutrition, physical activity and health.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Thomas D. Fahey, Ed.D., is professor of Kinesiology at California State University, Chico, where he teaches Exercise Physiology and Principles of Strength and Conditioning . He also volunteers as an assistant coach with the track and field team. He received his doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Fahey has written college textbooks and trade books on exercise physiology, wellness, athletic training, weight training, personal training, golf, and ergogenic aids. He has also written hundreds of articles for scholarly journals and popular magazines. He is a contributing editor and writes monthly research columns for Muscular Development, Fitness RX for Women and Fitness RX for Men magazines. His interests include travel, skiing, golf, tennis, weight training, hiking, and discus throwing. Dr. Fahey is a world-class masters discus thrower and was an All-American discus thrower in college. He won eleven straight US National Masters Championships, five medals at the World Masters Championships (including world champion in 2003), and three gold medals in the World Masters Games. He is a former competitor in powerlifting, highland games, alpine skiing, and tennis.
Dr. George Brooks is Professor VII; Director, Exercise Physiology Laboratory at The University of California - Berkeley.
Dr. Kenneth Baldwin is Professor Physiology & Biophysics at The University of California - Irvine.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Introduction: The Limits of Human Performance
3. The Maintenance of ATP Homeostasis in Energetics and Human Movement
4. Basics of Metabolism
5. Glycogenolysis and Glycolysis in Muscle: The Cellular Degradation of Sugar and Carbohydrate to Pyruvate and Lactate
6. Cellular Oxidation of Pyruvate and Lactate
7. Lipid Metabolism
8. Metabolism of Proteins and Amino Acids
9. Neural-Endocrine Control of Metabolism: Blood Glucose Homeostasis During Exercise
10. Metabolic Response to Exercise: Lactate Metabolism During Exercise and Recovery, Excess Postexercise O2 Consumption (EPOC), O2 Deficit, O2 Debt, and the "Anaerobic Threshold"
11. The Why of Pulmonary Ventilation
12. The How of Ventilation
13. Ventilation as a Limiting Factor in Aerobic Performance at Sea Level
14. The Heart
15. Circulation and Its Control
16. Cardiovascular Dynamics During Exercise
17. Skeletal Muscle Structure and Contractile Properties
18. Neurons, Motor Unit Recruitment, and Integrative Control of Movement
19. Principles of Skeletal Muscle Adaptations
20. Muscle Strength, Power, and Flexibility
21. Principles of Endurance Conditioning
22. Exercise in the Heat and Cold
23. Exercise, Atmospheric Pressure, Air Pollution, and Travel
24. Cardiovascular Diseases and Exercise
25. Obesity, Body Composition, and Exercise
26. Exercise, Disease, and Disability
27. Exercise Testing and Prescription
28. Nutrition and Athletic Performance
29. Ergogenic Aids
30. Gender Differences in Physical Performance
31. Growth and Development
32. Aging and Exercise
33. Fatigue During Muscular Exercise
Appendix I. List of Symbols and Abbreviations
Appendix II. Units and Measures